Candida krusei Infection in an Acute Lymphocytic Leukaemia Patient: A Case Report
Dr. Aroop Mohanty,
Assistant Professor, Department of Microbiology, AIIMS Rishikesh, Veerbhadra Marg, Rishikesh-249203, Uttarakhand, India.
Although Candida albicans remains the predominant species causing Blood Stream Infection (BSI), recent studies have demonstrated an emergence of Non-albicans Candida spp (NAC), such as C. glabrata, C. papapsilosis and C. krusei. Candida krusei are yeast-like microorganisms which may colonise the human skin, respiratory or gastrointestinal tract but can cause lethal infections especially in immunocompromised patients. Hereby, authorâ€™s report a case of 10-year-old male with T-cell Acute Lymphocytic Leukaemia (ALL) who reported with fever and non-productive cough caused by Candida krusei. Direct gram stain from blood culture and germ tube test was performed. Further, the isolate was initially misidentified by Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionisation Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) as Trichosporon ovoides which was later identified by molecular sequencing as Candida krusei.