Recurrent Myxoid Chondrosarcoma of Mandible: A Case Report XD01-XD02
Dr. Rohini Khurana,
Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh-226010, India.
Myxoid chondrosarcoma is a rare malignant neoplasm of bone or soft-tissue origin, characterised by the presence of chondroid and myxoid matrix. These are traditionally radio resistant tumours so wide surgical resection remains the mainstay of treatment. However, radiotherapy is generally advised for high-grade lesions with poor prognostic factors with adjuvant chemotherapy. The treatment decisions are primarily guided by the histological grade, extent of surgical resection, and site of the neoplasm. A case of a 28-year-old male who presented with recurrent painful swelling in the mandibular region is discussed here. To date, very few cases of Extraskeletal Myxoid Chondrosarcoma (EMC) occurring in the mandible region have been reported. So, due to the paucity of available literature, controversies still exist regarding effective treatment approaches in newly diagnosed and recurrent cases. This case reports the clinical presentation, histopathology, radiological characteristics, immune profile, and treatment modalities used in EMC with a comprehensive and relevant review of the literature.