Comparison of Attendance of Patients Pre-Lockdown and During Lockdown in Gynaecology and Antenatal Outpatient Department in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Nadia, West Bengal, India QC05-QC08
Ranita Roy Chowdhury,
W-4, Cluster-8, Purba Chal Housing, Saltlake, Sec-3, Kolkata-97, West Bengal, India.
Introduction: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has brought about a paramount change in the life. This has lead to a reduction in the number of routine patients visiting the Outpatient Department (OPD) of various hospitals and this department was no exception.
Aim: To compare the attendance of patient in Antenatal Care (ANC) and Gynaecology Out Patient Department (GOPD) between pre-lockdown and lockdown period due to COVID-19 pandemic.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted among patients attending the OPD in ANC and Gynaecology for 70 days lockdown from 23rd March to 31st May and 70 days immediate pre-lockdown period from 12th January to 22nd March 2020. Daily attendance was noted and types of patient attending in different sub clinics in Gynaecology OPD compared. Enrolment of new ANC patient and old booked cases was compared during both periods. Descriptive statistics were used and displayed as percentages.
Results: There was a significant reduction in number of patients attending OPD in lockdown period. There was a total of 6088 (87.3%) reduction in number of patients in Gynaecology OPD and 2235 (69.6%) reduction of patients in ANC OPD which was found to be significant with p-value<0.001. Reduction of patient in lockdown days among new ANC was 574 while it was 1661 in case of old patients. The different sub clinics of GOPD like infertility (704), endocrine (1450), uro-gynaecology (656), STD/PID (732), postpartum (597), cancer detection (316), abortion and medical termination of pregnancy (MTP) (330), others (1303) also witnessed a diminution of attendance.
Conclusion: COVID-19 caused a significant decrease in footfall of patients in outpatient department due to lockdown, though the percentage of types of patient attending Gynaecology OPD was almost same.