Role of Early Childhood Adversity, Behaviour Problems and Academic Performance among Adolescents with ADHD: A Systematic Review VE01-VE04
PhD Scholar, Department of Cinical Psychology, SGT University,
Gurugram, Haryana, India.
Introduction: "Hyperactivity", is characterised by difficulties related to task, oriented behaviour in children particularly hyperactive children also tends to be socially intrusive and immature. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) children have great difficulty in compatibility with their parents and their peer group. This disorder occurs majorly in boys than girls and some residual effects, such as attention difficulties may persist into adolescence.
Aim: Understanding of behavioural concerns among ADHD adolescents with their parents.
Materials and Methods: A comprehensive search in the international databases of academic search complete, Psych articles, J GATE, Psychology and behavioural sciences collection, Proquest, Science Direct, and Google scholar was conducted. Studies included in this review were prospective studies, retrospective study, case-control study, cohort study, descriptive study, and review studies. The study consisted of 15 studies from review journals. Psycho social correlates were investigated in ADHD patients. The studies published from 2000 to 2016 were included in this review.
Results: The present review revealed that there is significant role of early Childhood Adversity (CA), poor scholastic performance and behaviour problems in the formulation of ADHD among adolescents.
Conclusion: It was concluded that there is a problem in ADHD patients related to their poor academic performances which also reflects in their adolescence, and behavioural problems with parents also. Parents with ADHD children faced more stress in comparison to parents of Non-ADHD children. There is a need to develop specific parentâ€™s intervention training and early identification of ADHD children.