Alteration in Steroid Hormone and HER2/ neu Receptor Status Following Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Triple Negative Breast Cancer. Is There Any Hope? EC12-EC16
138, AJC Bose Road, Kolkata-700014, West Bengal, India.
Introduction: Breast cancer continues to be the most common cancers among women in India. The Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC) is a heterogeneous group of malignancy which is often aggressive and has a worse prognosis.
Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the hormone receptor and HER2/neu status with platinum based chemotherapy in TNBC.
Materials and Methods: The study was analysed retrospectively in a tertiary care centre of West Bengal from Januay 2017 to December 2019. Forty TNBC patients of Locally Advanced Breast Cancer (LABC) cases who received carboplatin along with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (study group) were compared with other group of 64 TNBC patients (control group) who did not receive any chemotherapy making a total of 104 cases of TNBC patients who were selected for the study. All the patients in both the groups had modified radical mastectomy. The study group of 40 TNBC patients who received chemotherapy also showed pathological partial response. Masterchart was prepared comprising patient's age, menopausal status, family history, therapy history, histo-morphological features, hormone receptor and HER2/ neu status after platinum added chemotherapy. Oestrogen Receptor (ER)/Progesterone Receptor (PR) were considered positive, if >1% tumour cell nuclei were immunoreactive and negative, if it was otherwise. HER-2/neu score of 3+ was taken as positive by Immunohistochemistry (IHC) method. Statistical analysis for descriptive purposes, percentages and mean were calculated. Comparison of both the groups was done by Pearsonâ€™s Chi-squared and Fisher's-exact test. Significance level was considered at p-value <0.05.
Results: TNBC patients (NACT group) showed hormone receptor positivity of 21 cases (52.50%) after chemotherapy along with carboplatin. HER2/neu positivity was detected in 9 (22.5%) cases. Non-NACT (64) cases were considered as control group for comparison. The effect of NACT in TNBC patients was found to be statistically significant with respect to change in HER2/ neu (p=0.033, p<0.05) and ER status (p<0.05) while change in PR status was found to be statistically insignificant.
Conclusion: The study showed significant alteration in hormonal and HER2/neu receptor status in TNBC patients receiving platinum added neoadjuvant chemotherapy. This study found statistical significance and justifies re-evaluation of these Hormone Receptor (HR) and HER2/neu markers in residual tumour after chemotherapy.