Prevalence and Susceptibility Profiles of Methicillin Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus from Community and Hospital Associated Infections DC05-DC10
Dr. Veena A Shetty,
Additional Professor, Department of Microbiology, KS Hegde Medical Academy,
Nitte (Deemed to be University), Deralakatte, Mangalore-575018,
Introduction: Methicillin Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) is a significant human pathogen, involved in both hospital and community associated settings. MSSA, being more susceptible to antibiotics compared to Methicillin Resistant >Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), is found to acquire Multidrug Resistance (MDR) and with the presence of virulence factors can pose difficulty in patient treatment.
<Aim: To study the prevalence and antibiotic resistance profile of MSSA from community and hospital associated infections.
Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in tertiary care hospital in Mangalore, Karnataka, India from January 2015 to February 2017. Three hundred and five Staphylococcus aureus were isolated from various clinical specimens and tested for methicillin susceptibility using cefoxitin disc. Antibiotic resistance profiles against 23 antibiotics were determined by disc diffusion method. The difference was compared for antibiotic sensitivity with respect to Community Associated Methicillin Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MSSA) and Hospital Associated Methicillin Sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (HA-MSSA) and Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.
Results: Of 305 MSSA isolated, 219 (71.8%) were CA-MSSA and 86 (28.2%) were HA-MSSA. S. aureus was isolated mostly from Skin and Soft Tissue Infections (SSTI, 61.3%). Resistance was observed against ciprofloxacin (64.6%), erythromycin (43.9%), ofloxacin (42.3%), clindamycin (20.7%), ampicillin (100%) and penicillin (90.5%). There was a significant difference (p<0.05) between the resistance of CA-MSSA and HA-MSSA against cefotaxime and co-trimoxazole.
Conclusion: The present study showed the increasing prevalence of MSSA in the community and hospital settings with the emergence of MDR which has to be dealt immediately with appropriate control measures.