Effectiveness of Hot Pack with Caudal Glide and Antero-posterior Glide Mobilisation to Improve Shoulder Abduction Range in Adhesive Capsulitis RC11-RC15
Dr. Ramamurthy Raja,
13, 72nd cross 5th Block, Rajajinagar, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Adhesive capsulitis is a self-limiting regional skeletal condition of uncertain aetiology characterised by a progressive loss of both active and passive mobility of the glenohumeral joint in the shoulder complex. It begins insidiously with shoulder pain and dysfunction in middle aged and elderly population. Adhesive capsulitis predominantly affects the older population, affecting both the sexes; however, female patients are affected more.
Aim: To find the effect on pain, Range of Motion (ROM) and disability in subjects with adhesive capsulitis treated with hot pack along with caudal glide versus hot pack along with anteroposterior glide mobilisation.
Materials and Methods: The study, quasi experimental, was conducted on 80 subjects which were further divided into two groups with 40 subjects in each groups. Subjects were evaluated for pain, ROM and disability index. Group A received antero-posterior glide mobilisation with the hot pack, whereas Group B received caudal glide mobilisation with hot pack for thrice a week for total three weeks completing a total of nine sessions. The statistical analysis was done using one-way ANOVA and post-hoc analysis and Independent t-test was used for calculating within and between group differences. The parameters that were measured were Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), ROM, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI).
Results: The p-value after three weeks between the groups was 0.02, 0.0001, and 0.014 for VAS, ROM and disability. There was significant difference in the pre and post values in both Group A and Group B. Post-treatment values of VAS (p=0.0001), ROM (p=0.0001), and SPADI (p=0.0001) in Group B were showed more improvement than the post-treatment values of VAS, ROM and SPADI in Group A.
Conclusion: Caudal glide mobilisation is more effective in improving pain, abduction ROM and SPADI index in patients with adhesive capsulitis.