Mantle Cell Lymphoma: An Immunomorphologic Study with SOX11 from a Tertiary Care Cancer Centre in Southern India XC10-XC14
Dr. Chennagiri S Premalata,
#82, 2nd Main, 4th Phase, 7th Block, Banashankari 3rd Stage,
Bangalore-560085, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL) is a relatively rare Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) of mature B cells forming 5-7% of NHL. SOX11 has emerged as a useful antibody in the diagnosis of MCL with prognostic significance.
Aim: To evaluate the immunomorphologic features and significance of SOX11 expression in MCL at a tertiary care cancer institute.
Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive study which was conducted at a tertiary care cancer centre in Southern India over a period of five years from January 2013 to December 2017. Seventy six cases of newly diagnosed MCL with paraffin blocks were included in the study. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) with a panel of antibodies including SOX11 was carried out on Formalin Fixed Paraffin Embedded (FFPE) sections. Morphologic, immunologic findings were analysed and correlated with clinical data and survival, using Chi-square and Independent sample t-test to compare data and Kaplan-Meir method with Log Rank test for survival analysis.
Results: Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL) formed in 5.8% of NHL with a striking male predominance (M:F ratio, 4.4:1), with mean age of 58 years at presentation and females at a younger age. Nearly 80% of patients presented at an advanced stage. Cervical lymphadenopathy was the most common presenting feature, followed by involvement of the gastrointestinal tract. There were 59 cases of classic and 17 cases of blastoid and pleomorphic MCL, with diffuse pattern being the most common in 36 (47.4%) cases. In the present study, 64 (92.8%) cases expressed SOX11 and showed heterogeneous staining with high expression in 34 (53.1%) cases and low expression in 30 (46.9%) cases. Ki-67 proliferation of more than 30% was seen in 52 (68.4%) cases and 30% or less in 24 (31.6%) cases. None of these findings had statistically significant correlation with survival, though high Ki-67, high MCL International Prognostic Index (MIPI) and blastoid/pleomorphic cases had relatively worse Overall Survival (OS).
Conclusion: MCL is a disease of the elderly and in the present study it affected females at a slightly younger age as compared to males. SOX11 expression was heterogeneous in neoplastic cells and was complementary to cyclin D1 for diagnosis of MCL however, the staining intensity had no effect on survival.