Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy Strategies in Post COVID-19 Infection: A Narrative Review
Dr. Nityal Kumar Alagingi,
Flat No. 303, Manjusree Residency, Kadri, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.
In 2019, COVID-19, a disease associated with Novel Corona-virus was initially reported from Wuhan, China. Since then, infection rates have gone out of control. World Health Organisation (WHO) has declared COVID-19 as a pandemic. Many government and nonprofit organisations are working to control this situation and norms like lockdown, social distancing, and restricting gatherings have been implemented to control the spread of the virus. Despite following these policies, the infection rate is high and people with COVID-19 infection are experiencing a lot of complications. Cardiac and pulmonary complications like shortness of breath, oxygen saturation etc., were documented, but recent reports mentioned musculoskeletal symptoms like Myalgia, Arthralgia, and Fatigue are also prevalent in people with post-COVID-19 infection. Due to the reoccurrence of symptoms and vulnerability of people, post-Covid-19 has made healthcare workers and hospitals to adopt alternative strategies in treating people. Of those strategies telerehabilitation, patient education, self-management and pain management are the most used rehabilitation options in treating post-COVID-19 infection. In this literature review, the strategies for treating people with post-COVID-19 infection are summarised.