Recurrent Multinodular Pleomorphic Adenoma of Parotid Gland- A Case Report MD01-MD03
No. A6, Staff Villa Ground Floor, Chettinad Health City, Kelambakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Pleomorphic adenoma or benign salivary gland tumours predominantly affects the superficial lobe of parotid gland. It is a slow growing swelling with or without facial nerve involvement with female predilection in third and fifth decade of life. The origin of the tumour is both epithelial and connective tissue and hence it is of pleomorphic nature. After surgery, its recurrence rate varies considerably and seems to depend more on the surgical technique used. A 49-year-old male patient presented with complaints of swelling in front of right ear and right parotid region for past eight years. He gave previous history of similar swelling in the right parotid region and history of previous surgery done elsewhere in 2009. Right superficial parotidectomy was done following which he was asymptomatic for two years. On examination of right parotid- a multilobulated irregular swelling was present in right parotid region and the swelling extended till the right ear lobule. The swelling hid previous surgical scar. Facial nerve was clinically intact. Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) was suggestive of Pleomorphic Adenoma. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) with contrast revealed that the lesions were arising from superficial lobe of the parotid gland. Right superficial parotidectomy was planned. Mass was excised and sent for histopathological examination and was reported to be Pleomorphic Adenoma. Patient is still on follow-up and no recurrence has been noted. The rate of recurrence depends on tumour spillage, intra-surgical rupture, or any histopathological feature. There is significant risk for local recurrence if the microscopic finger like formation (pseudopodia) of tumour tissue extends beyond the main mass.