Comparison of Magnetic Resonance Hysterography and Sonohysterography in Women with Abnormal Uterine Bleeding: An Interventional Study TC16-TC19
Dr. Tsella Lachungpa,
Tsenorongsum House Near Neo Medicos, Arithang, Gangtok, Sikkim-737101, India.
Introduction: Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (AUB) is very common and major public health issue. AUB along with its sub-group often affects 14.25% women of reproductive age and have a major impact on their physical, social, emotional and material quality of life. It not only has direct impact on the woman and her family, but also on both the economy and health services.
Aim: To compare Magnetic Resonance (MR) hysterography and Sonohysterography (SSHG) for detection of uterine pathologies in women with AUB.
Materials and Methods: An interventional cross-sectional study was conducted over a period from July 2019 to July 2020, among 30 patients with severe AUB. SSHG and MR hysterography were used to assess endometrial pathology, which was assessed by both the diagnostic modality and considering histopathology as gold standard. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for both diagnostic modalities was calculated.
Results: A very good agreement was noted in case of the cervical carcinoma whilst fibroid and endometrial hyperplasia showed good and fair agreement respectively by both the diagnostic modalities. Sensitivity of fibroid and cervical carcinoma was 100%, polyp was 33.33%, and endometrial hyperplasia was 87.50%. Whereas specificity of fibroid was 91.67%, endometrial hyperplasia was 86.30% and cervical carcinoma was 100%. Polyp and submucosal fibroid both showed 96.30% specificity. For pathology like cervical carcinoma, endometrial hyperplasia, fibroid had very high agreement with kappa value 1, 0.684 and 0.814 respectively, whereas agreement for two tests for pathology like submucous fibroid, dual pathology was less.
Conclusion: MR Hysterography and Sonohysterography were having almost equal sensitivity and specificity for abnormal uterine bleeding and can be used as per patient preference, patient discomfort, and availability of investigation.