Focal Periphyseal Oedema: A Physiologic Finding in Paediatric Knee Pain
Medical Resident, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,
Centro Hospitalar UniversitÃ¡rio Lisboa Central, Lisbon, Portugal.
Knee pain is a common reason for adolescent calls or visits to a primary care clinician. The authors present a case of a 14-year-old male adolescent with progressive bilateral nociceptive somatic knee pain. The pain was worse with weight bearing, and relieved at rest. It was located over the medial joint line. The patient was treated conservatively with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and a rehabilitation program. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) showed bone marrow oedema, and Focal Periphyseal Oedema (FOPE) diagnosis was made. After a total of 6 months of treatment, the patient was asymptomatic. The literature is limited to a few case reports and radiologic studies describing this symptomatic physeal pathology, not reporting physical examination or treatment. The goals of this case report were to elucidate physicians of this condition, a newly reported cause of knee pain in adolescent, and to elicit the importance of a patient-tailored rehabilitation program in the treatment of this finding. FOPE is a clinical entity that should not be ignored and must be treated for the patientâ€™s comfort. It is a self-limited condition and has an excellent prognosis.