Concepts and Perception of Restoring Endodontically Treated Teeth among Dental Practitioners in Western Region of Saudi Arabia- A Questionnaire Based Study
Associate Professor, Department of Dentistry Program, Ibn Sina National College of Medical Studies, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Introduction: Endodontically Treated Teeth (ETT) are most likely to get fractured, if left unrestored compared with the vital teeth due to the loss of tooth structure and reduced modulus of elasticity.
Aim: To gain insight into the rationale for choice of endodontic posts and the different endodontic post systems currently used by dental practitioners in western region of Saudi Arabia.
Materials and Methods: For this survey-based study, a questionnaire was designed consisting of eight questions to assess the details of why, when and how general practitioners restore ETT and to determine contemporary use of endodontic post from first November 2018 till the end of January 2019. This questionnaire was sent online to 250 private dental practitioners in western region of Saudi Arabia, out of which 202 participants responded. Data was entered in the excel sheet. Descriptive statistics like frequency and proportion was calculated for qualitative data.
Results: This study included 202 participants with the mean age group of 25-50 years, out of which there were 108 (53.46%) male participants and 94 (46.53%) female participants. Total 120 (59%) of the study sample were general practitioners and 82 (41%) of them were specialists. A total 60 (29.70%) of the general practitioners, reported restoring ETT with post and core followed by the crown, whereas, 30 (14.85%) of them did the crown without post, 15 (7.42%) of them completed restoration with composite and 15 (7.42%) of them did build-up with post and core. An 82 (40.59%) of the specialists, reported restoring ETT with post and core build-up and then proceed with crowns. An 80 (39.60%) of the study sample were into general practice, reported using prefabricated fibre post whereas, 23 (11.38%) of them using cast post and 17 (8.41%) of them using prefabricated metal posts. Total 72 (35.64%) of the specialists reported using prefabricated fibre posts and 10 (4.95%) of them used cast metal post.
Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that majority of the participants practiced reinforcement of ETT by using fibre posts with resin cements followed by crowns..