Anaesthetic Management of a Patient with Myasthenia Gravis Posted for Tonsillectomy- A Case Report
Dr. Priya Kishnani,
Assistant Professor, Department of Anaesthesiology, Smt. B.K. Shah Medical
and Research Center, Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
Myasthenia gravis is a chronic autoimmune disease of neuromuscular junction which causes skeletal muscle weakness and fatigability, characterised by decrement in postsynaptic acetylcholine receptor at neuromuscular junction caused by auto-antibodies destruction. There are three types of myasthenia gravis in children- transient neonatal, congenital and juvenile. Juvenile Myasthenia Gravis (JMG) is an autoimmune disorder that can affect all the skeletal muscles including extraocular muscles, which may lead to fatigability and generalised weakness. This report is about a case of seven-year-old patient weighing 25 kg presented with throat pain since one and half month. Patient was a known case of congenital myasthenia gravis and diagnosis was confirmed by Edrophonium test. He underwent tonsillectomy and was successfully managed under general anaesthesia with no muscle relaxant technique. Tonsillectomy in paediatric patients is not an uncommon surgical procedure. In spite of being a common surgery, it is still challenging to the surgeon as well as the anaesthesiologist as there is a shared airway between the two. Also, in the postoperative period there are chances of post-tonsillectomy bleeding causing airway obstruction, if not diagnosed and treated early could risk the life of the patient. Therefore, this surgery poses an increased risk of mortality and morbidity.