Oral Plasmablastic Lymphoma: A Case Report of a HIV Negative Patient with an Unusual Clinical Signature ZD11-ZD14
Via dei Vestini 31, Chieti, Italy.
Plasmablastic Lymphoma (PBL) is an aggressive variant of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with a low survival rate. It is associated with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection but also affects patients with autoimmune diseases as chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, systemic lupus erythematosus, with long-term immunosuppression for heart and kidney transplants and, ulcerative colitis. It has been reported in immunocompetent and HIV negative patients, determining the diagnosis more challenging. A rare case of bleeding gingival hyperplastic PBL in the left posterior mandibular area in a 61-year-old HIV negative male patient is reported. Histological assessment showed that oral mucosa was infiltrated by a monomorphic population of large lymphoid elements with morphological characteristics similar to immunoblasts with a â€śstarry skyâ€ť appearance. Immunohistochemical markers were positive for CD138, Kappa and Lambda light chains, and negative for CKAE1/3, Synaptophysine, Chromogranin, CD56, and CD20. The detection of the primary oral manifestation of PBL remains challenging in immunocompetent patients and this case report aims to broaden the knowledge of the possible oral clinical aspects of PBL.