Empty Sella Syndrome with Typical Facies: A Case Report
Dr. Prasan Kumar Panda,
Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine, AIIMS, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.
Empty Sella syndrome with typical facies is a rare presentation of panhypopituitarism. Here, authors presented a case of 45-year-old male with a history of altered behaviour such as low mood, passivity, talkativeness with low-hoarse voice and spells of cries for three months. He also had headache, vomiting, abdominal pain, ataxic gait, and loss of libido. He had meningitis 10 years back since then he had multiple similar episodes. He had sparse thinned out hair, male pattern temporal balding, madarosis, brownish pigmentation of face and chest and dry coarse skin. Patient had hypotension but without hypoperfusion. Hormone levels including thyroid hormones, Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), Luteinizing hormone (LH), total testosterone cortisol, and plasma Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) were less than normal. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) brain suggested streak pituitary gland (empty sella). He was supplemented with required hormones. On follow-up, he improved significantly. Trio composite hypothyroidism, hypocortisolism, and hypogonadism have characteristic facies. This unique presentation of patient with blank look facies gives a hint of empty sella, thus leading the clinician to diagnose the disease through timely evaluation and work-up.