Bilateral Sacroiliac Joint Fusion: A Case Report
Dr. MV Ravishankar,
Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, JSS Medical College,
Sri Shivarathreeshwara Nagara, Mysuru-570015, Karnataka, India.
Sacroiliac (SI) joint is the articulation which forms the part of the bony pelvis. It plays an important role in locomotor activity, and childbirth during labour. It helps in the transmission and distribution of axial body weight from the spine to the pelvis. This synovial joint exhibit limited gliding movements within the joint cavity. About 15-30% of low backache aetiologies are attributed to SI joint dysfunction. People who are overweight, have co-morbid conditions, and pregnant women are at higher risk of developing vertebral joint deformities called spondylarthropathies. They are group of inflammatory disorders which are involving the vertebral spines and peripheral joints, where the symptom of stiffness is prominently seen. The anatomical variations in the SI joint morphology like accessory SI joint, iliosacral complex and sacral defect, dismorphic joint, are of compelling interest concerning SI joint pathologies from the orthopaedic viewpoint. This case report presents a bilateral fusion of SI joint, found in a skeleton in the museum of medical college.