An Observational Study of Corneal Endothelial Alterations in Eyes with Unilateral Pseudoexfoliation
Dr. Archana Thool,
Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Jawharlal Nehru Medical College, Wardha, Maharashtra, India.
Introduction: Pseudoexfoliation (PXF) is an age-related generalised disorder of extracellular matrix primarily affecting eyes. It is characterised by deposition of pseudoexfoliative material in the anterior segment of eye. Also it is a bilateral condition but can have asymmetric presentation and can be clinically seen only in one eye. Alteration in endothelial cell morphology along with other alteration in anterior segment of the eye can compromise the surgical outcome.
Aim: To evaluate the corneal endothelial cell density and morphology in patients with unilateral PXF.
Materials and Methods: The present study was hospital-based
cross-sectional observational study which included 55 patients with unilateral PXF, who came to the Department of Opthalmology, Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital (AVBRH), Wardha, Maharashtra, India between June 2020 to November 2020. Specular microscopy was performed on all eyes to evaluate cell density and morphology, coefficient of variation in cell size and percentage of hexagonal cells in corneal endothelium and compared with fellow normal eye. Statistical analysis was done by using descriptive and inferential statistics using students unpaired t-test, p-value <0.05 was considered as level of significance.
Results: The present study included 55 patients, of which 26 were males and 29 were females. Mean age of the patients was 63.85±7.05 years. Majority of patients were in the range of 61 to 70 years (56.36%). The mean corneal endothelial cell density in the PXF eye was 2299.54±84.95 cells/mm2, which was significantly lower as compared to fellow normal eye with p-value <0.001. Mean coefficient of variation of cell size in PXF eye was 35.49±4.62, p-value=0.064 and hexagonality was 51.12±4.91, p-value=0.13. Both the parameters were statistically non significant on comparison of two eyes. Central corneal thickness was thicker in pseudoexfoliative eye of 551.29±33.11 microns (μm), than fellow eye but was statistically non significant.
Conclusion: Eyes with PXF had alteration in endothelial cell morphology with decrease in cell density as compared to eyes without PXF clinically.