Study of Trauma Profile and its Outcomes at a Tertiary Care Centre: Cohort Study of 1000 Cases
Dr. Pankaj Dugg,
Assistant Professor, Department of Surgery, Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India.
Introduction: Trauma has been the leading cause of mortality and morbidity. However, there are changes in pattern of trauma and their outcomes with time.
Aim: To study the mode and nature of injury and mortality associated with trauma of head, chest and abdomen.
Materials and Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted on 1000 individuals that presented to emergency surgery ward from 2014 to 2019. Patients presented to emergency surgery of Government Medical College, Amritsar, Punjab, India were observed for various characteristics i.e., age group, mode of injury, site of injury, outcomes and management.
Results: The mean age of patients was 33.91±16.29 years with significant male predominance (n=794, 79.4%) (p-value 0.00001). Road Traffic Injuries (RTIs) were the most common mode of trauma affecting 490 patients (49%). Head injury was the most common of all injuries (n=834). Overall mortality was 3.6% (n=36). Mortality was higher in males (p-value 0.00933) and mortality rate of 25% was seen in age group of 61-70 years.
Conclusion: RTIs followed by assaults are the most common cause of trauma and it significantly affects young male population. However, mortality rate increases with increase in age group with higher rates in older age groups.