An Unusual Presentation of Tuberculosis at Atypical Anatomical Location: Rectus Abdominis Muscle
Medical Officer, Officers Mess, Air Force Station, Hindan, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh-201004, India.
Unusual presentation of Tuberculosis (TB) in anatomical locations like skeletal muscle which are atypical and not favorable for survival and multiplication of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Commonly, muscle involvement is secondary. A direct inoculation (abdominal lymph node) or extension from underlying tubercular synovitis and osteomyelitis may involve an abdominal muscle. The case report is about a 43-year-old female who presented with an abdominal lump for past one month. There was no history of cough, weight loss, pain abdomen, recurrent vomiting, breathlessness and no history of TB or close contact with TB patient. Ultrasound (USG) and Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography (CECT) of the abdomen revealed loculated collection in right rectusabdominis muscle, and USG-guided aspiration for cytology, culture and Cartridge Based Nucleic Acid Amplification Test (CBNAAT) confirmed tubercular abscess. The patient was managed as per National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme and responded well with antitubercular drug therapy for six months. This case throws light on to the possibility of tubercular infection in atypical anatomical locations as primary foci, especially in those areas where tuberculosis is endemic.