Bidirectional Recurrent Neural Network based Early Prediction of Cardiovascular Diseases using Electrocardiogram Signals for Type 2 Diabetic Patients
5th Mile, Tadong East, Gangtok, Sikkim, India.
Introduction: The electrocardiogram (ECG) signal is important for early diagnosis of heart abnormalities. Type 2 diabetic individuals’ ECG signals provide pertinent data about their heart and are one of the most important diagnostic techniques used by doctors to identify Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). Bidirectional Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) classifies the features linked to normal and abnormal stage ECG signal.
Aim: To analyse ECG signals of type 2 diabetic patients for early prediction of CVDs using feature extraction and bidirectional RNN based classification.
Materials and Methods: This was a secondary data-based modelling study at Shri Ramasamy Memorial University Sikkim, India from December 2020 to January 2022. Different noises were removed by hybrid preprocessing filter made up of a Median and Savitzky-Golay filter. Undecimated Dual Tree Complex Wavelet Transform (UDTCWT) along with Detrended fluctuation (DA) analysis and Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) analysis were then used to extract features. These features were classified with Bidirectional RNN.
Results: The proposed method was tested on the MIT-BIH, Physionet and DICARDIA databases, and the findings showed that it achieves an average accuracy of 97.6% when compared to the conventional techniques.
Conclusion: The proposed method proves to be the most effective way for detecting anomalies in ECG signals in both the early and pathological stages. This method is also effective to diagnose the early intervention of cardiovascular symptoms.