Factors Influencing Drug Adherence among Different Patient Populations in India
Dr. Shagirunisha Rizvana,
Postgraduate Student, Department of Community Medicine, Dhanalakshmi Srinivasan Medical College and Hospital, Perambalur, Tamil Nadu, India.
Drug adherence is an important problem faced worldwide by patients of all age groups. This article aims to address the factors hindering patient adherence to a proper medication regime. Numerous studies have demonstrated that complex dosing schedules and polypharmacy along with financial constraints are the main problems faced by patients. The problems also tend to vary among different patient populations such as diabetics, hypertensives, Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) patients, and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients, posing different challenges in each of the chronic diseases. Multifactorial solutions are needed to improve medication adherence including efforts to improve a patient’s understanding of medication benefits, trust in their doctor and health system, and improving the physician’s recognition and understanding of patients’ beliefs, fears, and values to achieve increased medication adherence.