Efficacy of Intratympanic Dexamethasone Injection in Subjective Idiopathic Tinnitus- An Interventional Study
Dr. KR Radhakrishnan,
28C-1, Pulipandian Street, Jaihind Puram, Madurai-625011, Tamil Nadu, India.
Introduction: Tinnitus is a common and annoying symptom characterised by the perception of sound without any corresponding external stimulus. Subjective idiopathic tinnitus is a subjective form of tinnitus where the perceived sound originates from the auditory nervous system, without both aberrant aetiology and external stimuli. Intratympanic injection of steroid (Dexamethasone) is used for the treatment of subjective idiopathic tinnitus by introducing the drug through the tympanic membrane, resulting in reduced systemic toxicity and a higher perilymph steroid level.
Aim: To evaluate the efficacy of intratympanic dexamethasone injection in the treatment of subjective idiopathic tinnitus.
Materials and Methods: This prospective interventional study was carried out at Madurai Medical College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India, from March 2021 to March 2022. A total of 30 patients with subjective idiopathic tinnitus were subjected to intratympanic dexamethasone injection, once per week for three weeks. Improvement in the symptom of tinnitus was assessed by means of subjective evaluation with the help of Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) before and after one week, one month and three months of last injection. Data were statistically analysed using Student’s paired t-test.
Results: The results of this study shows that, 53.33% of the population belonged to the age group of 31-40 years. There was 16 females and 14 males. There was a significant reduction in the mean grade of THI at one month and three months after the treatment. The mean THI score was significantly reduced from 50.067 before treatment to 35.733 in one month and 26.933 in three months after the treatment.
Conclusion: The intratympanic injection of dexamethasone was found to be effective in the treatment of subjective idiopathic tinnitus. Intratympanic treatment was demonstrated to improve tinnitus scores in the study population.