Antioxidant and Antibacterial Properties of Chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) Root and Leaves Extract- An Experimental Study
Dr. Bushra Shaida,
School of Allied Health Sciences, Sharda University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Introduction: Cichorium intybus (C. intybus) is a scientific term used for chicory plant. The medicinal plants have immensely contributed to health needs of humans throughout their existence.
Aim: To study the phytochemical constituents, antioxidant and antibacterial properties of the methanolic root and leaf extract of C. intybus.
Materials and Methods: This experimental study was conducted at Sharda University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India from January 2022 to March 2022. Phytochemical, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of methenolic extract of I#IC.I?I intybus both leaves and roots were assessed using different methods. Antibacterial activity was done using Well Diffusion Method against Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, E. coli and Salmonella Typhimurium.
Results: The results for antioxidant activity was found better in leaves of C. intybus when compared with its root. The IC50 value for the leaves was found to be 63.8±1.4 μg/mL whereas root showed 76.1±1.2 μg/mL. Further, the samples were tested for antibacterial activity against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria using Well-diffusion method against given microorganism Staphylococcus aureus (MTCC 87), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MTCC 424), E. coli (MTCC 68) and Salmonella Typhimurium (MTCC 68). With zone of inhibition 25.24±0.34 mm, 18.78±1.12 mm, 20.1±0.4 mm and 24.8±0.5 mm respectively, while on comparison with standard drug.
Conclusion: The methanolic extract of both roots and leaves have good antioxidant and antibacterial properties, thus, will help to protect against many diseases and will enhance the immune system for maintaining good health.