Ocular Manifestations in Patients Diagnosed with Rosacea: A Cross-sectional Study from a Tertiary Care Centre in Northern India
Dr. Vivek Sharma,
Professor, Department of Ophthalmilogy, Base Hospital, Delhi Cantt-110010, Delhi, India.
Introduction: Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the facial skin with eye involvement being underdiagnosed.
Aim: To study the prevalence of ocular rosacea in patients of rosacea in a tertiary care centre.
Materials and Methods: The present study was a cross-sectional study conducted at two tertiary level hospitals from January 2020 to December 2021. Cases of rosacea diagnosed were referred from the Departments of dermatology to the Departments of ophthalmology for ocular evaluation. A total of 400 patients were included in study in a multicentric setting. For ophthalmic evaluation, Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire was used.
Results: Total 29 cases (7.25%) had ocular rosacea, out of 400 dermatological confirmed cases of rosacea. Amongst confirmed ocular rosacea, 12 (41.4%) were males and 17 (58.6%) were females. Most manifestations were noted in 41 to 60 years age with an average age of 52.2 years. Most of the cases presented with multiple symptoms and signs- 19 presented with features of dry eyes,16 had features of conjunctivitis, 6 had blepharitis, and 7 had recurrent chalazions.
Conclusion: Ocular rosacea is a diagnostic enigma to clinicians as it is underdiagnosed because of overlapping sign and symptoms. This study emphasises ocular examination in all cases of rosacea.