Medullary Solitary Plasmacytoma of Maxilla- A Rare Case Report
Dr. Jaya Dubey,
PG Girls Hostel, Civil Hospital Campus, Ahemdabad, Gujarat, India.
Solitary Plasmacytoma (SP) is a rare disease characterised by a localised proliferation of neoplastic monoclonal plasma cells, without evidence of systemic disease. The aetiology of SP remains unknown, but chronic stimulation, overdose irradiation, viruses, and gene interactions in the reticuloendothelial system have been suggested as the aetiologic factor. While pain is the most common symptom of osseous mandible SP, it is usually painless in the maxilla and may manifest orally with paresthesia, swelling, soft tissue masses, mobility and migration of teeth, haemorrhage, or pathologic fracture due to cortical destruction of bone. Because the amount of haemopoitic bone marrow in the maxilla is decreased, oral involvement of the maxilla is less common than that of the mandible. Here, authors reported a case of 46-year-old male patient presented with the chief complaint of mobility of his upper left back teeth and swelling over his left-side palatal area. Clinical examination was suggestive of benign odontogenic tumors and salivary gland tumors, while two-Dimensional (2D) and three-Dimensional (3D) imaging were suggestive of malignant tumors arising from either alveolar bone or maxillary sinus. The laboratory investigations and biopsy revealed solitary plasmacytoma of maxilla. There were clinical symptoms of paresthesia and mobility, but no other signs of malignancy were observed. As the case report concludes, all necessary investigations need to be conducted to exclude all other pathologies, so that treatment can begin as soon as possible.