Aerococcus viridans Bacteraemia in a COVID-19 Positive Patient: A Rare Case Report from Northern India
Dr. Chinmoy Sahu,
Additional Professor, Department of Microbiology, C-Block, 2nd Floor, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Aerococcus viridans is a rare Gram positive microorganism identified largely as environmental or skin contaminants. With the advent of an increase in the immunosuppressed population due to diabetes, the use of steroids and the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, this bacteria caused a variety of infections like bacteraemia, urinary tract infections, and endocarditis. The use of Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionisation Time-of-Flight Mass-Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), a unique technique of microorganism identification, has placed Aerococci among human pathogens, capable of causing infection among immunocompromised patients. The present case was of a 48-year-old female presented with dry cough, high-grade fever associated with chills and rigors, and generalised body ache and weakness for the past one week. She was a known case of bronchial asthma. She tested positive for COVID-19 and over the course of hospital stay, her BACTEC blood culture performed due to high fever which flagged positive indicated her as a case of Aerococcus viridans bacteraemia. Despite of all the efforts she developed respiratory distress followed by an episode of asystole following which she could not be revived.