Impact of COVID-19 on Mental Health of Children and Adolescents: A Narrative Review
Skims, Soura, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-2019) pandemic created havoc on our planet, affecting all aspects of human life. It has resulted in human mortality and morbidity worldwide. It did not spare social and economic fabric of societies. It has resulted in huge psychosocial impact on human race. Various disease containment measures such as quarantine, physical distancing, complete lockdowns imposed by Governments across the globe has severely affected mental health of children and adolescents. The present article is aimed at reviewing various articles published regarding COVID-2019 pandemic impact on mental health of children with or without previous mental health problems. Different electronic databases, such as Science Direct, PubMed and Google Scholar were searched for articles describing impact on mental health of children and adolescents with/without previous mental health problems due to COVID-19. Search strategies included terms such as: “COVID-19”, “SARS-CoV-2”, “mental health”, “children”, “adolescent”, “behavioural impact”, “depression” and “anxiety.” The majority of children and adolescents experienced deterioration in their mental health as emergency measures were implemented throughout the world. Children diagnosed with pre-existing mental health problems or Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) experienced more negative changes compared with children/adolescents without pre-existing psychiatric diagnosis. There is increased anxiety, depression, irritability, sleep disorders, lethargy, dissatisfaction and fear of death. There is need to plan and implement strategies to provide easy and early access to mental health services for which various stakeholders should come together.