A Case of Facial Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (LE) with Oral Lichen Planus (LP): A Dig into Co-existence and LE-LP Overlap
Professor, Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Sree Balaji Medical
College and Hospital, #7, C.L.C. Works Road, Shankar Nagar, Chromepet,
Chennai-600044, Tamil Nadu, India.
A distinction between ‘co-existence of Lupus Erythematosus (LE) and Lichen Planus (LP)’ and ‘LE-LP overlap’ bears importance as the criterion for true overlap necessitates histological and immunological features of both LE and LP to be found in the same tissue specimen. However, in the present case report the lesions of LE and LP were present in two different sites. A 51-year-old male presented with a large erythematous scaly atrophic plaque on the right cheek with similar lesions on chin and lips for 10 years. He also had violaceous lesions on the bilateral buccal mucosa and a white lesion over the left buccal mucosa for three years. Discoid Lupus Erythematosus (DLE) and Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) were suspected. Dermoscopy of the facial plaque showed features consistent with DLE. Histopathology of the facial plaque confirmed the diagnosis of DLE, whereas the white plaque on the left buccal mucosa showed features of early invasive squamous cell carcinoma. Violaceous lesion over the right buccal mucosa showed features suggesting OLP. A Direct Immunofluorescence (DI) was also performed for the buccal mucosa to rule out the possibility of DLE with oral involvement, which turned out to be negative. Therefore, a diagnosis of synchronous presentation of DLE and OLP along with Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) of the buccal mucosa was made and patient was treated with topical corticosteroids, systemic hydroxychloroquine and surgical intervention for the squamous cell carcinoma. It is also imperative that not only long standing cutaneous lesions, but also oral lesions like LP should be investigated and kept under observation to look for any early malignant changes.