Dilated Cardiomyopathy with Congestive Hepatopathy in Post COVID-19 Patient- A Case Report
Dr. Siva Ranganathan Green,
Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Puducherry, India.
In the current situation of pandemic, Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), main organ involvement is of respiratory system ranging from mild symptoms to acute severe respiratory distress syndrome. Some studies are showing an increasing number of patients being hospitalised for COVID-19 with acute heart failure and multi-system inflammatory state. A 17-year-old male, with no known co-morbidities, presented with breathlessness and jaundice. He was diagnosed as a case of Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) with congestive hepatopathy. He was treated with diuretics and supportive medications for which he showed symptomatic improvement, and there was a significant improvement in his ejection fraction during the course of treatment. The patient had Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection 15 days prior to the onset of the above symptoms. The progression of COVID-19 complications seems potentially life-threatening, if associated with cardiac and hepatic manifestations. The present case illustrates the probable course of the ailment that has led to DCM. There was liver involvement too which was monitored and treated meticulously. These patients have high chances of deterioration even in simple situations of fever or pain, due to an increase in metabolic demands. It is a unique case which shows a strong association between COVID-19, acute heart failure, and congestive hepatopathy.