Assessment of Mechanical Properties and Antimicrobial Effects of Hyaluronic Acid Coating on Absorbable Suture Material: An In-vitro Study
Dr. Arvina Rajasekar,
Reader, Department of Periodontics, Saveetha Dental College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai-600072, Tamil Nadu, India.
Introduction: The use of absorbable suture materials in surgical procedures is a critical aspect of wound closure and tissue repair. In recent years, there has been growing interest in exploring the potential benefits of incorporating Hyaluronic Acid (HA), a naturally occurring biopolymer, into these sutures. By shedding light on the interactions between HA and absorbable sutures, the present study seeks to provide valuable insights that could enhance the quality of surgical wound management.
Aim: To assess the mechanical properties and antimicrobial effects of HA-coated and uncoated absorbable suture material.
Materials and Methods: The in-vitro study was conducted at Saveetha Dental College, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India in a year 2022. A total of 70 samples of HA-coated and uncoated Vicryl 4-0 suture material were tested for tensile strength using an Instron machine. An anti-bacterial effect against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Streptococcus mutans was assessed using a Mueller Hinton agar (MHA) plate, and the zone of inhibition was measured. Additionally, both the uncoated and HA-coated Vicryl 4-0 suture materials were analysed under the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) to determine the surface characteristics. An independent t-test was used to compare the tensile strength of coated and uncoated suture materials.
Results: The mean tensile strength of uncoated and HA-coated suture material was 6.47±0.23 MPa and 3.78±1.02 MPa, respectively. The difference between both groups was statistically significant (p<0.05). For Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Streptococcus mutans, the zone of inhibition was 8.0±0.5 mm in diameter and 9±0.5 mm in diameter, respectively, around coated Vicryl 4-0 suture material, whereas no zone of inhibition was observed for both Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Streptococcus mutans around uncoated suture material. SEM analysis showed superior surface characteristics of HA-coated suture thread when compared to uncoated suture thread.
Conclusion: HA-coated suture material does not exhibit superior tensile strength when compared to the uncoated suture material. However, HA-coated suture material has potent antibacterial effects against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Streptococcus mutans. Additionally, SEM analysis showed improved surface characteristics in favour of the coated suture material.