Holistic Insight into Health Promotion and Healing in Yoga
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This article is helpful to gain a comprehensive understanding of yoga and the numerous benefits, the practice has to offer. Holistic yoga offers a gentle relaxing form of yoga that doesnâ€™t require the participants to be overly flexible. This style generates a rejuvenating effect that leaves practitioner feeling invigorated and in a deeply relaxed state .The aim is to communicate yoga in a traditional form. Practitioner therefore realize the how and why of yoga. This understanding helps to facilitate a deeper and more comprehensive insight into yoga. Holistic yoga provides clear instruction in a step by step approach following all the practitioners to integrate the techniques of yoga investing it in their souls to transform their life into a positive, more fulfilling and happier experience People would like to try yoga if it is presented in a way that is rational ,scientific and most importantly in a style that can relate to which embraces our life style in the 21st century.
Ancient classics conceives life as four dimensional entity. Ayu that is living entity is the sum total of physical body, senses, the psyche and the soul. The aim of yoga is to keep the health intact and to cure the diseases of human being. Yoga promotes the four dimensions to remain in most natural or original state. As yoga on one hand, affects the human body promoting the physical health, it also affects senses, the psyche and soul, promoting the mental health on the other hand. Hence the approach of yoga towards health is psychosomatic. There are 8 sub divisions of yoga- yam, niyam, asana, pranayam, pratyahar, dharma, dhyan, samadhi. Although all the 8 subdivisions are health promoting, yet out of them, yam, niyam, asana and pranayama are more imp in this prospect where as pratyahar, dharma, dhyan and samadhi are more of spiritual importance. Yam, niyam, dhyan etc are more concerned to mental health while asana, pranayam are concerned with physical health.
YAM - These are the rules of moral conduct to keep the psyche indulged towards soul. These are five i.e- ahinsa, satya, asteya, brahamcharya and aparigrah.
NIYAM - are also five-i.e- santosh, tag, swadayaya, iswar pranidhan.
ASANA - Asana means Systematic assumption of certain postures or positions. Asana are procedure to buttress the effects of other angas of yoga.
It is thought appropriate to consider in brief the effects of kriyas, bandhas, mudras along with asanas.
Asana have psychological bearing. Many asana mimics animals. Many mimics plants. Many mimic nonliving objects. Asana are important for feeling of oneness with the living and nonliving universe. They are important for getting rid of pride and achieving self-effacement. Asana constitute churning of the whole body so as to get the cream of spirit in terms of self-realization which is a result of awakening of kundalini, when practiced along with yama and other angas of yoga. Asanas involve co-coordinated, smooth, steady, disciplined contractions and/or relaxations of muscles, systematic squeezing of tissues, stimulations of receptors, alteration in the blood flow, alteration in the characteristics of blood, stimulation of spinal cord and a variety of regions of brain during neuromuscular activity as a result of receptor stimulation and as a result of stimulation due to altered local metabolism. Asanas are associated with direct stimulation of brain, spinal cord, as well. It is not yet completely understood as to how these simple maneuvers such as compression, stretching, pressing, twisting, distension etc. lead to such profound changes in one human being as a whole, or at least complement or synergies such changes. However effort has been made to probe in these gray areas.
All Asanas cause stimulation of internal and external neural receptors. This causes stimulation of several parts of central nervous system. Asanas cause stimulation of autonomic and peripheral nervous system also.
However quantification of these effects merits attention and extensive investigation. Some Asanas such as sheers asana are associated with change in posture and therefore besides stimulation of receptors it causes homodynamic changes, displacement of viscera causing local changes which may involve blood flow as well as metabolic changes.
Effects of sheers asana include or may include hemodynamical changes as well as stimulation of receptors in the carotid vessels. Long-term effects of gravitation may include reversal or altered calcification/degeneration in bones.
Asanas such as chakrasana twist the vertebral columns and cause stimulation of nerve roots at different levels. These asanas stimulate local blood flow and prevent congestion, degeneration, fibrosis, osteoporosis etc. in vertebral column and vertebral joints.
Quantification of these effects is however essential. This is because careful evaluation of yogasana effects will enable effective application of yoga<
This review is a glimpse of YOGA, as can be sensed today. It is clear that it does not confine to todayâ€™s scientific knowledge alone or todayâ€™s perception of yoga practitioners as found in their writings,(2), (4), (5), (6),(7) or the texts of yoga. (3),(8). It leaves us at the edge of infinity because YOGA is a process of infinitesimal enlightment and voyoge to the supreme cosmic strength.
Om Nama Iti.
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