Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

Users Online : 36496

AbstractCase ReportDiscussionReferencesDOI and Others
Article in PDF How to Cite Citation Manager Readers' Comments (0) Audio Visual Article Statistics Link to PUBMED Print this Article Send to a Friend
Advertisers Access Statistics Resources

Dr Mohan Z Mani

"Thank you very much for having published my article in record time.I would like to compliment you and your entire staff for your promptness, courtesy, and willingness to be customer friendly, which is quite unusual.I was given your reference by a colleague in pathology,and was able to directly phone your editorial office for clarifications.I would particularly like to thank the publication managers and the Assistant Editor who were following up my article. I would also like to thank you for adjusting the money I paid initially into payment for my modified article,and refunding the balance.
I wish all success to your journal and look forward to sending you any suitable similar article in future"

Dr Mohan Z Mani,
Professor & Head,
Department of Dermatolgy,
Believers Church Medical College,
Thiruvalla, Kerala
On Sep 2018

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar

"Over the last few years, we have published our research regularly in Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Having published in more than 20 high impact journals over the last five years including several high impact ones and reviewing articles for even more journals across my fields of interest, we value our published work in JCDR for their high standards in publishing scientific articles. The ease of submission, the rapid reviews in under a month, the high quality of their reviewers and keen attention to the final process of proofs and publication, ensure that there are no mistakes in the final article. We have been asked clarifications on several occasions and have been happy to provide them and it exemplifies the commitment to quality of the team at JCDR."

Prof. Somashekhar Nimbalkar
Head, Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad
Chairman, Research Group, Charutar Arogya Mandal, Karamsad
National Joint Coordinator - Advanced IAP NNF NRP Program
Ex-Member, Governing Body, National Neonatology Forum, New Delhi
Ex-President - National Neonatology Forum Gujarat State Chapter
Department of Pediatrics, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Anand, Gujarat.
On Sep 2018

Dr. Kalyani R

"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research is at present a well-known Indian originated scientific journal which started with a humble beginning. I have been associated with this journal since many years. I appreciate the Editor, Dr. Hemant Jain, for his constant effort in bringing up this journal to the present status right from the scratch. The journal is multidisciplinary. It encourages in publishing the scientific articles from postgraduates and also the beginners who start their career. At the same time the journal also caters for the high quality articles from specialty and super-specialty researchers. Hence it provides a platform for the scientist and researchers to publish. The other aspect of it is, the readers get the information regarding the most recent developments in science which can be used for teaching, research, treating patients and to some extent take preventive measures against certain diseases. The journal is contributing immensely to the society at national and international level."

Dr Kalyani R
Professor and Head
Department of Pathology
Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College
Sri Devaraj Urs Academy of Higher Education and Research , Kolar, Karnataka
On Sep 2018

Dr. Saumya Navit

"As a peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research provides an opportunity to researchers, scientists and budding professionals to explore the developments in the field of medicine and dentistry and their varied specialities, thus extending our view on biological diversities of living species in relation to medicine.
‘Knowledge is treasure of a wise man.’ The free access of this journal provides an immense scope of learning for the both the old and the young in field of medicine and dentistry as well. The multidisciplinary nature of the journal makes it a better platform to absorb all that is being researched and developed. The publication process is systematic and professional. Online submission, publication and peer reviewing makes it a user-friendly journal.
As an experienced dentist and an academician, I proudly recommend this journal to the dental fraternity as a good quality open access platform for rapid communication of their cutting-edge research progress and discovery.
I wish JCDR a great success and I hope that journal will soar higher with the passing time."

Dr Saumya Navit
Professor and Head
Department of Pediatric Dentistry
Saraswati Dental College
On Sep 2018

Dr. Arunava Biswas

"My sincere attachment with JCDR as an author as well as reviewer is a learning experience . Their systematic approach in publication of article in various categories is really praiseworthy.
Their prompt and timely response to review's query and the manner in which they have set the reviewing process helps in extracting the best possible scientific writings for publication.
It's a honour and pride to be a part of the JCDR team. My very best wishes to JCDR and hope it will sparkle up above the sky as a high indexed journal in near future."

Dr. Arunava Biswas
MD, DM (Clinical Pharmacology)
Assistant Professor
Department of Pharmacology
Calcutta National Medical College & Hospital , Kolkata

Dr. C.S. Ramesh Babu
" Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a multi-specialty medical and dental journal publishing high quality research articles in almost all branches of medicine. The quality of printing of figures and tables is excellent and comparable to any International journal. An added advantage is nominal publication charges and monthly issue of the journal and more chances of an article being accepted for publication. Moreover being a multi-specialty journal an article concerning a particular specialty has a wider reach of readers of other related specialties also. As an author and reviewer for several years I find this Journal most suitable and highly recommend this Journal."
Best regards,
C.S. Ramesh Babu,
Associate Professor of Anatomy,
Muzaffarnagar Medical College,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Arundhathi. S
"Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR) is a reputed peer reviewed journal and is constantly involved in publishing high quality research articles related to medicine. Its been a great pleasure to be associated with this esteemed journal as a reviewer and as an author for a couple of years. The editorial board consists of many dedicated and reputed experts as its members and they are doing an appreciable work in guiding budding researchers. JCDR is doing a commendable job in scientific research by promoting excellent quality research & review articles and case reports & series. The reviewers provide appropriate suggestions that improve the quality of articles. I strongly recommend my fraternity to encourage JCDR by contributing their valuable research work in this widely accepted, user friendly journal. I hope my collaboration with JCDR will continue for a long time".

Dr. Arundhathi. S
MBBS, MD (Pathology),
Sanjay Gandhi institute of trauma and orthopedics,
On Aug 2018

Dr. Mamta Gupta,
"It gives me great pleasure to be associated with JCDR, since last 2-3 years. Since then I have authored, co-authored and reviewed about 25 articles in JCDR. I thank JCDR for giving me an opportunity to improve my own skills as an author and a reviewer.
It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
The journal has a monthly publication and the articles are published quite fast. In time compared to other journals. The on-line first publication is also a great advantage and facility to review one's own articles before going to print. The response to any query and permission if required, is quite fast; this is quite commendable. I have a very good experience about seeking quick permission for quoting a photograph (Fig.) from a JCDR article for my chapter authored in an E book. I never thought it would be so easy. No hassles.
Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
My best wishes to Dr. Hemant Jain and all the editorial staff of JCDR for their untiring efforts to bring out this journal. I strongly recommend medical fraternity to publish their valuable research work in this esteemed journal, JCDR".

Dr. Mamta Gupta
(Ex HOD Obs &Gynae, Hindu Rao Hospital and associated NDMC Medical College, Delhi)
Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

"I wish to thank Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), for asking me to write up few words.
Writing is the representation of language in a textual medium i e; into the words and sentences on paper. Quality medical manuscript writing in particular, demands not only a high-quality research, but also requires accurate and concise communication of findings and conclusions, with adherence to particular journal guidelines. In medical field whether working in teaching, private, or in corporate institution, everyone wants to excel in his / her own field and get recognised by making manuscripts publication.

Authors are the souls of any journal, and deserve much respect. To publish a journal manuscripts are needed from authors. Authors have a great responsibility for producing facts of their work in terms of number and results truthfully and an individual honesty is expected from authors in this regards. Both ways its true "No authors-No manuscripts-No journals" and "No journals–No manuscripts–No authors". Reviewing a manuscript is also a very responsible and important task of any peer-reviewed journal and to be taken seriously. It needs knowledge on the subject, sincerity, honesty and determination. Although the process of reviewing a manuscript is a time consuming task butit is expected to give one's best remarks within the time frame of the journal.
Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
Timely publication of journal: Publication of manuscripts and bringing out the issue in time is one of the positive aspects of JCDR and is possible with strong support team in terms of peer reviewers, proof reading, language check, computer operators, etc. This is one of the great reasons for authors to submit their work with JCDR. Another best part of JCDR is "Online first Publications" facilities available for the authors. This facility not only provides the prompt publications of the manuscripts but at the same time also early availability of the manuscripts for the readers.
Indexation and online availability: Indexation transforms the journal in some sense from its local ownership to the worldwide professional community and to the public.JCDR is indexed with Embase & EMbiology, Google Scholar, Index Copernicus, Chemical Abstracts Service, Journal seek Database, Indian Science Abstracts, to name few of them. Manuscriptspublished in JCDR are available on major search engines ie; google, yahoo, msn.
In the era of fast growing newer technologies, and in computer and internet friendly environment the manuscripts preparation, submission, review, revision, etc and all can be done and checked with a click from all corer of the world, at any time. Of course there is always a scope for improvement in every field and none is perfect. To progress, one needs to identify the areas of one's weakness and to strengthen them.
It is well said that "happy beginning is half done" and it fits perfectly with JCDR. It has grown considerably and I feel it has already grown up from its infancy to adolescence, achieving the status of standard online e-journal form Indian continent since its inception in Feb 2007. This had been made possible due to the efforts and the hard work put in it. The way the JCDR is improving with every new volume, with good quality original manuscripts, makes it a quality journal for readers. I must thank and congratulate Dr Hemant Jain, Editor-in-Chief JCDR and his team for their sincere efforts, dedication, and determination for making JCDR a fast growing journal.
Every one of us: authors, reviewers, editors, and publisher are responsible for enhancing the stature of the journal. I wish for a great success for JCDR."

Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Case report
Year : 2011 | Month : December | Volume : 5 | Issue : 8 | Page : 1674 - 1676 Full Version

Desmoid Tumor of the Abdominal Wall: Report of a Case

Published: December 1, 2011 | DOI:
Salman Yousuf Guraya, Khalid Rida Murshid

1. Corresponding Author. 2. FRCS(C), Associate professor of Surgery and Consultant Surgeon, College of Medicine, Taibah University Al Madina Al Munawara, Saudi Arabia.

Correspondence Address :
Salman Yousuf Guraya FRCS
Professor of Surgery and Consultant Surgeon
College of Medicine, Taibah University
Al Madina Al Munawara Saudi Arabia


Desmoids tumours of the abdomen are uncommon benign tumours with varied presentations. The diagnosis is frequently established by histological examination. These tumours are known to recur even after surgical excision. A case report of a 41-year-old female with a painless abdominal mass has been presented. She was found to have a firm, non-tender, immobile, and regular mass in the left lumbar region of the abdominal wall. Her CT scan and FNAC revealed a benign-natured lesion. The patient’s mass was completely excised and the histology confirmed desmoids tumour of the abdominal wall. The rarity of such lesions warrants that the treating physicians should have a high degree of suspicion while managing abdominal masses of a questionable nature.


Surgery, Abdomen, Growth

Desmoids tumour, also known as aggressive fibromatosis, is a rare soft tissue neoplasm which is caused by a monoclonal proliferation which arises in musculoaponeurotic structures (1). Although fibromatosis is thought to be a benign lesion that lacks metastatic potential, it can be characterized by a locally aggressive and infiltrating growth pattern with a high propensity towards local recurrence (2), (3). Histologically, the tumour consists of a blandappearing proliferation of spindle cells. This uncommon disease accounts for less than 3% of the soft tissue tumours, or 0.03% of all the neoplasms, and it is more common in women. The peak incidence is in the age range of 25-35 years (4), and most of the cases occur between puberty and 40 years of age (5).

Abdominal desmoids tumours occur sporadically or in association with rare familial syndromes such as familial adenomatous polyposis coli (6). This case report presents a rare case of desmoids tumour of the abdominal wall in a young female.

Case Report

A 41-year-old female presented to the surgical clinic of Ohud Hospital, Al Madina Al Munawara Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, with the complaint of a painless left sided abdominal mass of 6 months duration. The patient denied any systemic illness, familial disease or trauma in the region. She was found to have normal vital signs. On examination of her abdomen, a firm, globular, nonmobile, non-tender mass was found in the left lumber region, which measured 8 × 8 cm (Table/Fig 1). All the baseline blood results were normal. Her CT scan revealed a homogenous, benign looking mass in the left lumbar region with local infiltrations to the surrounding abdominal wall muscles (Table/Fig 2). The mass was reported to be superficial to the peritoneum, lying among the layers of the abdominal wall muscles. The FNAC of the mass showed few spindle cells but they remained essentially equivocal. The patient was subjected to exploration of the mass under general anaesthesia through a left oblique incision. The mass was found to infiltrate the peritoneum which was opened for a clear resection of Case Report the lesion (Table/Fig 3). The tumour was completely excised with a safety margin of 2 cm all around (Table/Fig 4). The abdominal wall defect was approximated with a layered closure after placing a drain. The histological 9 report confirmed a desmoids tumour which was composed of scattered spindle cells and fibroblasts among few skeletal and mesenchymal cells (Table/Fig 5). There was no evidence of malignant transformation in the lesion. The patient made an uneventful recovery and remained well during a 1-year follow up.


Due to the rarity of desmoids tumours, randomized controlled trials are lacking, but in reported retrospective studies, it is evident that although desmoids tumours are considered to be benign, local recurrence is not uncommon (7). Local recurrence rates of 25-65% have been reported (4). These tumours have been reported at various sites including the abdominal wall and the breast (8). Despite attaining huge sizes, desmoids tumours remain asymptomatic. The diagnosis is generally established by a combination of clinical examination, imaging by CT and MRI, and Fine Needle Aspiration and Cytology (FNAC). There is no striking radiological feature of the desmoids tumours which can easily clinch the diagnosis.

Regardless of the site, an aggressive wide local excision of the desmoid tumours has been popularly advocated in the literature (9), (10). The factors that support this aggressive surgical approach, include the potential of fibromatosis in displaying a locally infiltrating growth pattern into the surrounding structures, the resultant high propensity for local recurrence when the tumours are incompletely excised, and the lack of convincing evidence for a proven beneficial role of radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of therapies (11), (12). However, other authors have been less enthusiastic and have given guarded support to an aggressive surgical approach (13), (14). The factors that these authors stress are the increased potential for a less than optimal cosmetic outcome, the risk of loss of function, rare reported cases of spontaneous regression of fibromatosis, and a high incidence of recurrence after an apparent complete excision with negative surgical margins.

In a small series of seven cases, one patient developed recurrent disease that was surgically resected and the patient remained disease-free during a 6-year follow-up (15). Also, in another study of 23 cases, the local recurrence rate of 13% was recorded after a median follow-up of 30 months (16). In a small series of four patients with desmoids tumours of the abdominal wall, who underwent surgical excision after neoadjuvant therapy with preoperative doxorubicin and radiotherapy, no long-term recurrences were reported after a median follow-up of 6 years (17). Most of the recurrences are observed within 3 years, and nearly all were observed by 6 years (18). Age may affect the recurrence rate; although the information is unclear, it may be more likely in younger patients with extra-abdominal desmoids tumours (18). Bertani et al (7) have stressed that a disease-free resection margin was the most crucial factor for reducing the recurrence rate. Moreover, a one-stage treatment with immediate mesh reconstruction was cost-effective, and it increased the chances of a definite cure. This concluded that the mesh placement has to be performed in the presence of microscopically negative margins, and for this reason, they recommended routine frozen sections of the specimen. Reconstruction of the large abdominal wall defects is complicated and demanding (19). Abdominal wall reconstruction can be achieved by direct repair by suturing, and by the use of synthetic material (mesh) or myocutaneous flaps, in case of extensive defects. In addition to the surgical option, there are claims which support the efficacy of radiation therapy. However, it is rarely used for abdominal wall and intra-abdominal disease because of the potential risk of radiation enteritis (20).

To conclude, abdominal wall desmoids tumours are rare and they necessitate wide surgical excision for a definite cure. A close follow-up is warranted due to the high recurrence rate.


Li M, Cordon-Cardo C, Gerald WL, Rosai J. Desmoid fibromatosis is a colonal process. Hum Pathol. 1996; 27: 939-43.
Enzinger FM, Weiss SW. Fibromatosis. In soft tissue tumours 4th edition. Edited by: Enzinger FM, Weiss SW. St Louis, MO, Mosby; 2001; 320-29.
Wargotz ES, Norris HJ, Austin RM, Enzinger FM. Fibromatosis of the breast. A clinical and pathological study of 28 cases. Am J Surg athol 1987; 11: 38-45.
Enzinger FM, Weiss SW. Soft tissue tumours. 3rd ed. St Louis: Mosby;1995; 201-29.
Lefevre JH, Parc Y, Kerneis S, et al. Risk factors for the development of desmoids tumours in familial adenomatous polyposis. Br J Surg 2008; 95: 1136-39.
Lips DJ, Barker N, Clevers H, Hennipman A. The role of APC and beta-catenin in the aetiology of aggressive fibromatosis (desmoids tumours). Eur J Surg Oncol 2009; 35: 3-10.
Bertani E, Chiappa A, Testori A, et al. Desmoid tumours of the anterior abdominal wall: results from a monocentric surgical experience and review of the literature. Ann Surg Oncol 2009; 16: 1642-49.
Povoski S, Marsh Jr W, Spigos D, Abbas A, Buchele B. Management of a patient with multiple recurrences of fibromatosis (desmoids tumour) of the breast involving the chest wall musculature. World Journal of Surgical Oncology 2006; 4(32): 1-8.
Pearson GD, Vasko SD. Chest wall reconstruction after desmoids tumour resection. Surg Rounds 2005; 28: 385-88.
Devouassoux-Shisheboran M, Schammel DP, Man YG, Tavassoli FA. Fibromatosis of the breast. Age-correlated morphofunctional features of 33 cases. Arch Pathol Lab Med 2000; 124: 276-80.
Matherne TH, Green A, Tucker JA, Dyess DL. Fibromatosis: the breast cancer imitator. South Med J 2004; 97: 1100-03.
Schwarz GS, Drotman M, Rosenblatt R, Milner L, Shamonki J, Osborne MP. Fibromatosis of the breast: case report and current concepts in the management of an uncommon lesion. Breast J 2006; 12: 66-71.
Godwin Y, McCulloch TA, Sully L. Extra-abdominal desmoid tumour of the breast: review of the primary management and implications for breast reconstruction. Br J Plast Surg 2001; 54: 268-71.
Gump FE, Sternschein MJ, Wolff M. Fibromatosis of the breast. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1981; 153: 57-60.
Sutton RJ, Thomas JM. Desmoid tumours of the anterior abdominal wall. Eur J Surg Oncol 1999; 25: 398-400.
Phillips SR, Hern RA, Thomas JM. Aggressive fibromatosis of the abdominal wall, limbs and girdles. Br J Surg 2004; 91: 1624-29.
Baliski CR, Temple WJ, Arthur K, Schachar NS. Desmoid tumours: a novel approach for local control. J Surg Oncol 2002; 80: 96-99.
Reitamo JJ, Scheinin TM, Hayry P. The desmoid syndrome: new aspects in the cause, pathogenesis and treatment of the desmoid tumour. Am J Surg 1986; 151: 230-37.
Rorhich RJ, Lowe JB, Hackney FL, Bowman JL, Hobar PC. An algorithm for abdominal wall reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg 2000; 105: 202-16.
Guadagnolo BA, Zagars GK, Ballo MT. Long-term outcomes for desmoids tumours which were treated with radiation therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2008; 71: 441-47.

DOI and Others


JCDR is now Monthly and more widely Indexed .
  • Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
  • Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
  • Academic Search Complete Database
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  • Embase
  • EBSCOhost
  • Google Scholar
  • HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
  • Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
  • Journal seek Database
  • Google
  • Popline (reproductive health literature)