Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, ISSN - 0973 - 709X

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Dr. Mamta Gupta,
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It 's a multispecialty journal, publishing high quality articles. It gives a platform to the authors to publish their research work which can be available for everyone across the globe to read. The best thing about JCDR is that the full articles of all medical specialties are available as pdf/html for reading free of cost or without institutional subscription, which is not there for other journals. For those who have problem in writing manuscript or do statistical work, JCDR comes for their rescue.
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Reviewing articles is no less a pain staking process and requires in depth perception, knowledge about the topic for review. It requires time and concentration, yet I enjoy doing it. The JCDR website especially for the reviewers is quite user friendly. My suggestions for improving the journal is, more strict review process, so that only high quality articles are published. I find a a good number of articles in Obst. Gynae, hence, a new journal for this specialty titled JCDR-OG can be started. May be a bimonthly or quarterly publication to begin with. Only selected articles should find a place in it.
An yearly reward for the best article authored can also incentivize the authors. Though the process of finding the best article will be not be very easy. I do not know how reviewing process can be improved. If an article is being reviewed by two reviewers, then opinion of one can be communicated to the other or the final opinion of the editor can be communicated to the reviewer if requested for. This will help one’s reviewing skills.
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Aug 2018

Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey

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Salient features of the JCDR: It is a biomedical, multidisciplinary (including all medical and dental specialities), e-journal, with wide scope and extensive author support. At the same time, a free text of manuscript is available in HTML and PDF format. There is fast growing authorship and readership with JCDR as this can be judged by the number of articles published in it i e; in Feb 2007 of its first issue, it contained 5 articles only, and now in its recent volume published in April 2011, it contained 67 manuscripts. This e-journal is fulfilling the commitments and objectives sincerely, (as stated by Editor-in-chief in his preface to first edition) i e; to encourage physicians through the internet, especially from the developing countries who witness a spectrum of disease and acquire a wealth of knowledge to publish their experiences to benefit the medical community in patients care. I also feel that many of us have work of substance, newer ideas, adequate clinical materials but poor in medical writing and hesitation to submit the work and need help. JCDR provides authors help in this regards.
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Thanking you
With sincere regards
Dr. Rajendra Kumar Ghritlaharey, M.S., M. Ch., FAIS
Associate Professor,
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Gandhi Medical College & Associated
Kamla Nehru & Hamidia Hospitals Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 462 001 (India)
On May 11,2011

Dr. Shankar P.R.

"On looking back through my Gmail archives after being requested by the journal to write a short editorial about my experiences of publishing with the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research (JCDR), I came across an e-mail from Dr. Hemant Jain, Editor, in March 2007, which introduced the new electronic journal. The main features of the journal which were outlined in the e-mail were extensive author support, cash rewards, the peer review process, and other salient features of the journal.
Over a span of over four years, we (I and my colleagues) have published around 25 articles in the journal. In this editorial, I plan to briefly discuss my experiences of publishing with JCDR and the strengths of the journal and to finally address the areas for improvement.
My experiences of publishing with JCDR: Overall, my experiences of publishing withJCDR have been positive. The best point about the journal is that it responds to queries from the author. This may seem to be simple and not too much to ask for, but unfortunately, many journals in the subcontinent and from many developing countries do not respond or they respond with a long delay to the queries from the authors 1. The reasons could be many, including lack of optimal secretarial and other support. Another problem with many journals is the slowness of the review process. Editorial processing and peer review can take anywhere between a year to two years with some journals. Also, some journals do not keep the contributors informed about the progress of the review process. Due to the long review process, the articles can lose their relevance and topicality. A major benefit with JCDR is the timeliness and promptness of its response. In Dr Jain's e-mail which was sent to me in 2007, before the introduction of the Pre-publishing system, he had stated that he had received my submission and that he would get back to me within seven days and he did!
Most of the manuscripts are published within 3 to 4 months of their submission if they are found to be suitable after the review process. JCDR is published bimonthly and the accepted articles were usually published in the next issue. Recently, due to the increased volume of the submissions, the review process has become slower and it ?? Section can take from 4 to 6 months for the articles to be reviewed. The journal has an extensive author support system and it has recently introduced a paid expedited review process. The journal also mentions the average time for processing the manuscript under different submission systems - regular submission and expedited review.
Strengths of the journal: The journal has an online first facility in which the accepted manuscripts may be published on the website before being included in a regular issue of the journal. This cuts down the time between their acceptance and the publication. The journal is indexed in many databases, though not in PubMed. The editorial board should now take steps to index the journal in PubMed. The journal has a system of notifying readers through e-mail when a new issue is released. Also, the articles are available in both the HTML and the PDF formats. I especially like the new and colorful page format of the journal. Also, the access statistics of the articles are available. The prepublication and the manuscript tracking system are also helpful for the authors.
Areas for improvement: In certain cases, I felt that the peer review process of the manuscripts was not up to international standards and that it should be strengthened. Also, the number of manuscripts in an issue is high and it may be difficult for readers to go through all of them. The journal can consider tightening of the peer review process and increasing the quality standards for the acceptance of the manuscripts. I faced occasional problems with the online manuscript submission (Pre-publishing) system, which have to be addressed.
Overall, the publishing process with JCDR has been smooth, quick and relatively hassle free and I can recommend other authors to consider the journal as an outlet for their work."

Dr. P. Ravi Shankar
KIST Medical College, P.O. Box 14142, Kathmandu, Nepal.
On April 2011

Dear team JCDR, I would like to thank you for the very professional and polite service provided by everyone at JCDR. While i have been in the field of writing and editing for sometime, this has been my first attempt in publishing a scientific paper.Thank you for hand-holding me through the process.

Dr. Anuradha
On Jan 2020

Important Notice

Original article / research
Year : 2011 | Month : August | Volume : 5 | Issue : 4 | Page : 818 - 821

The Utilization of Library Services by Students in a Medical College

U.P. Rathnakara, Rajeshwari Shastry, Unnikrishnan B., Ananth Rao, Sudhakar Pemminati, ShivaPrakash, Ashok K. Shenoy, A.L.Udupa

1. Corresponding Author. 2. Manipal university, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India. 3. Manipal university, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India. 4. Manipal university, Department of library sciences, Manipal, India. 5. Manipal university, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India.6. Manipal university, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India. 7. Manipal university, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India. 8. Department of Pharmacology, FMS, UWI, Barbados.

Correspondence Address :
Dr.Rathnakar U.P., Assistant professor,
Department of pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College,
Manipal University, India.PIN-575001.
Phone:+919448983292; E-mail:


Objectives: To find out the extent of use and to identify the utilization of facilities other than books in the library, to discover the problems which are faced by the students and to suggest ways to improve the resources in the library.

Methods: All the students studying for the 5th semester in the Department of Pharmacology were administered a pre-tested, structured questionnaire and the responses were obtained.

Results: This study did not show any statistically significant gender difference, either in the mean number of visits per week [p = 0.968] or in the number of hours spent per visit [p = 0.77] As majority of the students stayed in hostels, restrictions in the hostel timings, particularly among the female students could have been a deterrent for studying late in the library.The observation that a large number of students either carried their own books to the library or supplemented the study with their own books and the indication by about 53% of the respondents that they did not always get the current editions of the books, suggests that there is a need to increase the availability of the commonly read text books.

Conclusion: Though most of the students in this semester did utilize the library services, most of them seemed to be using the standard text books only, without making use of the other available facilities like medical journals and electronic media databases. There is also a need to improve the stock of commonly read books and to pay some more attention to the conveniences and the comforts in the library.


Libraries, Students, Utilization, Periodicals

The major purpose of the library is to provide information (1). In addition to the traditional function of collecting, organizing and providing access to information in print, modern libraries include many other databases.(2) Information resources exist in electronic formats like online databases, journals [periodicals], books, etc(3). As medical science is a rapidly advancing discipline, the use of the medical library by students is a very important means for updating their knowledge and competence (4). Medical students may not be able to learn all that they have to know only from formal classroom lectures. They also must learn to collect information by their own efforts, to develop adequate professional competence. The role of well equipped medical libraries in order to meet the needs of the medical students cannot be over emphasized. Though an institution may have the best stocked libraries, the utilization of the libraries by the students need not simply depend on the number of books andjournals in the library. Many factors like personal preferences, the general environment in the library, inconveniences of the working hours, distance from the place of residence etc may influence the use of the library.

Any large institution with thousands of students should make an effort to find out the pattern of the utilization of the library, time to time. The feedback which is thus collected may help in formulating new policies and improving services and it will also give information about what is expected as against what is available.

“The effectiveness of a library as an instrument of learning, is determined by the success with which it is able to provide the user with the information that he/she seeks. The library can fulfill its function best by pursuing a policy of constant self-evaluation in order to be alert to the changing needs of its users” (5) (6).

• To study the use of the library by the students . • To find out the extent of use of the library . • To identify the utilization of facilities other than books in the library. • To discover the problems which are faced by the students . • To suggest ways to improve the resources in the library.

Material and Methods

Subjects and Methods
Students studying for the 5th semester in a medical college in South India and all the postgraduate students of Pharmacology were administered a pretested, structured questionnaire after obtaining individual consent. This study was approved by the institutional ethics committee. The student questionnaire had the following details-demographic data, utilization parameters and personal opinion. The response rate was hundred percent.

Statistical Analysis
The data was tabulated and analyzed with the help of the SPSS, version 10.0 and the findings were presented in the form of appropriate tables. The data was expressed by calculating the percentages. The Chi-square test was applied wherever appropriate.


Almost an equal proportion of male [43.2%] and female students [46%] visited the library 1.5 hours to 4 hours per visit. Forty six percent of the female students and 43.2% of the male students visited the library 2-4 times a week. The mean number of visits/ week of the PG and UG students was 2.45 and 2.69 respectively. Most of the students [78%] did not use personal vehicles for conveyance to the college. However, owning a vehicle made no difference in the visits to the library, as compared to those who did not own one. (Table/Fig 1)PG students visited the journal section more frequently than the UG students. They visited the library at least once a week, whereas there were 87 undergraduate students who never visited the journal section of the library. The difference was found to be statistically significant [p=0.000]. The male students read newspapers more frequently than the female students on a daily basis. This difference was also found to be statistically significant. [p=0.006]. Most of the students used the internet for academic purposes. However, most of the students hardly made use of the audiovisual aids which were available in the library. Even though most of the students admitted that the required titles of the text books were available most of the time, more than 50% of the students responded that they did not always get the current editions of the text books. Fifty two [20.9%] students carried their own books for use in the library and 62.7% [156] of the students supplemented their own books to the books which were available in the library. (Table/Fig 2).

Most of the students [88.8%] were satisfied with the general environment in the library. More than 50% of the students were not satisfied with the drinking water and the toilet facilities which were available in the library. More than 80% of the students felt that refreshment facilities must be made available in the library premises. About 25% of the respondents wanted the closing hours of the library to be extended beyond 12 o’clock in the night. (Table/Fig 3)


Demographic data: Among the 249 students who returned questionnaire, there were 222[89.2%] under graduate [UG] students and 27[10.8%] PG [post graduate] students. Though the PG students were less in number, except for the “utilization of the journal section”, all other parameters were comparable in both the UGs and PGs. The gender was (males -125 and females-124) equally distributed. Most of the students [190 (76.3%)] stayed in the hostel. The rest either stayed with the family or in private rooms. Among the 125 male students, 36% owned a vehicle, whereas only 7.3% of the female students owned a vehicle. Most of the students [89.6%] had access to the internet at the place of their stay.

Library visits
Almost an equal proportion of male [43.2%] and female students [46%] visited the library 2-4 times a week. 54.4% of the male students and 61.3% of the female students stayed in the library for 1.5-4 hours at every visit. The mean no. of visits/week of the PG and UG students were 2.45 and 2.69 respectively. None of these differences between the various categories were found to be statistically significant. The students who made more visits per week also spent more time in the library at every visit. This observation was found to be statistically significant. In a study which was conducted in two medical colleges in Kolkata, it was observed that 46.3% of the students visited the library daily and 2.1% visited once a week (4). Owning a vehicle by the students made no difference in the frequency of the visits or in the duration of the time which was spent in the library per each visit. 36.8% of the students who stayed in the hostels never visited the library in the hostel and only 16% of the students visited daily. Some of the students who stayed in the hostel complained about the poor facilities in the hostel library. This could have been the reason why the libraries in the hostel were not frequented more often by the students. The reasons for this were not looked into specifically in the present study. One of the reasons for the under utilization of the library could have been the traditional curriculum [as against problem based learning] which was followed in the medical colleges in India. The data which was collected by the faculty of Library and Information Science, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, suggested that more medical students in the problem-based curriculum than in the more traditional programs used the library and that when the Problem Based Learning (PBL) students used the library, they did so more frequently, for longer periods of time and as a source of a greater proportion of their study materials (7)(8).

Availability of Required Books in the Library
Though only 11.2% of the students conveyed that only occassionally they did not get the required titles of the text books, more than 53% of the students said that the current editions ofthe text books were not available every time that they were asked for. Probably, this could have been the reason why more than 80% of the students either used their own books in the library or supplemented the library books with their own books. However, this fact requires further examination. Similar studies [4, 8, 9] have shown that more than 70% of the students found the availability of the text books to be inadequate. It is also possible that most of the students had preferred to read one particular text book on any given subject and this could have led to the shortage of text books at the peak hours.

Utilization of Journals and News Papers
It looked as if the journals were underutilized by the undergraduate students, [56.3% of the undergraduate students never visited the journal section and 31.5% of the students visited it once a week]. However, if the present teaching curriculum in the medical colleges is taken into account, the figures will be quite encouraging. In a similar study by C Chatterjee et al.(4), only 8.6% of the students were found to visit the journal section in the medical colleges. As compared to the UG students, the PG students visited the journal section more often and the difference was found to be statistically significant [p=0.000].This difference was expected, since research was a part of the curriculum for the PG students. The better news paper reading habits of the male students as compared to the female students was found to be statistically significant [p=0.006].

The Utilization of Electronic Media
The library was well equipped with various educational facilities in electronic media like AV aids, CD ROMs, internet etc. A large no. of students had internet accessibility at their place of residence. More than 85% of the students used the internet for academic purposes. In a similar study which was done in the Health Sciences Library System, Falk Library of the Health Sciences, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, more than half of the students (69%) accessed the website on a daily or weekly basis for academic purposes(10). Among 26 students who did not have access to the internet at their residences, 19[73.1%] made use of the internet facility in the library. 61.3% of those who had an internet facility at home and 26.9% among those who did not have an internet facility at home, never used the internet facility which was available in the library. But, the educational AV aids which were available in the library were not very popular among the students. Almost 75% of the students never made use of these aids. An in- house search engine to find out the availability of the books in the library, was installed. About 30% of the students did make use of this facility and more than 25% found the programme to be user friendly. Some of the similar studies have found that AV aids were not avilable at all in the libraries of many medical colleges (4).

General Environment And Other Facilities
It is important from the point of view of the personal comforts of the library users, to have excellent toilet facilities, arrangements for drinking water and even refreshments in the library premises (9). Some of the studies have reported disatisfaction in upto 50% of the library users. The present study has also shown that 50.2% of the students, both males and females, felt that the drinking water and the toilet facilities were not adequate in the library. Most of the students [88.8%] were satisfied with the general environment likethe lighting, the seating arrangements, etc. in the library. More than 80% of the students felt that refreshment facilities may be made available in the library premises.

Library Timings
About 70% of the students were satisfied with the present timings [9AM to 11PM] of the library. However, 25% of the students wanted the closing hours to be extended upto 12 o’clock at midnight or beyond.


Though most of the students in this semester do utilize the library services, many of them seem to be using the standard text books only, without making use of the other available facilities like medical journals and electronic media databases. There is also a need to improve the stock of the commonly read books and to pay some more attention to the conveniences and comforts in the library.

Key Message

Large number of students prefer to read their own books in the library or to supplement the study with their own books. There is a need to increase the number of copies of the books which are favoured by the students. The students do not fully utilize other facilities like electronic databases and journals which are available in the library.


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