Acceptance of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing among Caregivers of Children using Provider-Initiated Testing and Counselling Strategy in Ido-ekiti, Nigeria: A Cross-sectional StudyCorrespondence Address :
Dr. Olusola Adetunji Oyedeji,
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria.
Introduction: Missed opportunities exist for early detection of HIV infection in children visiting healthcare institutions. Provider Initiated Testing and Counselling (PITC) strategy is a means for reducing missed opportunities for children who are HIV exposed or infected. It enhances the access of such children to HIV preventive measures, care interventions and treatment. There is a gap in knowledge concerning the acceptability of the PITC strategy in detection of HIV infected or exposed Nigerian children, most especially Children from Ekiti state.
Aim: To determine the acceptability of PITC Strategy for HIV testing among caregivers of children seen at the Paediatric Emergency Unit of FMC, Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti State and the factors that influenced acceptability.
Materials and Methods: This was a prospective, hospital-based cross-sectional study on acceptability of HIV testing using PITC model. Consecutive caregivers of patients attending the PEU for the first time aged 6 weeks-15 years were offered HIV testing using WHO guideline on PITC. Pre-test and post-test information was provided in individual sessions. Those whose HIV status was already known were excluded. Data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), version 15.0.
Results: An amount of 530 out of 543 counselled for HIV testing gave consent for the test. The age range of the caregivers was 19-56 years with a mean of 30.2 (±6.8) years. The predominant group of caregivers in attendance were mothers only accounting for 504 (92.8%) of the total 530 caregivers studied. Acceptability rate was inversely associated with the level of education and social class of the caregivers. An amount of 348 (99.4%) of the 350 caregivers whose wards required admission accepted testing, while 182 (94.3%) of 193 caregivers whose wards did not require admission accepted testing. This difference was statistically significant (p=0.001).
Conclusion: Acceptability rate for HIV testing, using PITC Strategy was high in all the age-groups of the caregivers; acceptability rate was however inversely related to the level of education and social class.
Custodians, Evaluation, Methods, Parents
Oluwaseyi Tosin Babatunde, Layi Solomon Babatunde, Olusola Adetunji Oyedeji, Joshua Aderinsola Owa. ACCEPTANCE OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TESTING AMONG CAREGIVERS OF CHILDREN USING PROVIDER-INITIATED TESTING AND COUNSELLING STRATEGY IN IDO-EKITI, NIGERIA: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research [serial online] 2019 August [cited: 2019 Aug 20 ]; 13:SC01-SC04. Available from
Date of Submission: Apr 08, 2019
Date of Peer Review: Apr 23, 2019
Date of Acceptance: Jul 08, 2019
Date of Publishing: Aug 01, 2019
FINANCIAL OR OTHER COMPETING INTERESTS: None.
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