Effectiveness of Backward Walking in the Gait Performance of Stroke PatientsCorrespondence Address :
Dr. V Kalidasan,
12/1, Sarjapur Road, Chikkabellanur Village, Carmelaram Post, Varthur Hobli,
Bangalore-560035, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Stroke is one of the leading cause of long term disabilities. The most commonly affected activity is walking. Though conventional therapy is producing beneficial effects in the gait of stroke patients, Backward walking is proposed to be effective in improving the gait of stroke patients.
Aim: To examine the effectiveness of backward walking training on gait performance of stroke patients.
Materials and Methods: The study design was an experimental study. Thirty hemiplegic patients were selected by convenient sampling technique and divided into two groups. Subjects in both groups received 40 minutes of conventional training one session per day for two weeks. Subjects in the experimental group received additional backward training for 30 minutes. Gait performance was measured using Wisconsin gait scale. Gait parameters, cadence and walking speed were also measured before and after treatment. Statistical analysis was done using independent â€˜tâ€™ test and paired â€˜tâ€™ test for between the groups and within the groups respectively.
Results: After four weeks of training period, subjects in the experimental group showed much improvement than those in control group for gait performance (score: 17.42Â±1.53 versus 22.47Â±1.52) (p<0.05), walking speed (score: 14.4Â±2.11 versus 20Â±0.5) (p<0.05), and cadence (score: 114.6Â±3.76 versus 97.06Â±1.61) (p<0.05), all the three variables showing statistical significance.
Conclusion: Backward walking can also be supplemented along with conventional training in improving gait performance, walking speed and cadence of stroke patients.
Cadence, Hemiplegia, Locomotion, Rehabilitation, Walking speed, Wisconsin gait scale
Date of Submission: Jun 21, 2019
Date of Peer Review: Sep 16, 2019
Date of Acceptance: Oct 31, 2019
Date of Publishing: Dec 01, 2019
â€¢ Financial or Other Competing Interests: No
â€¢ Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
â€¢ Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
â€¢ For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. Yes
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS: [Jain H et al.]
â€¢ Plagiarism X-checker: Jun 21, 2019
â€¢ Manual Googling: Oct 30, 2019
â€¢ iThenticate Software: Nov 05, 2019 (14%)
Etymology: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
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