Nutritional Status of School Age Children in Urban Slum Area in Vijayawada and GunturCorrespondence Address :
NRI Medical College, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Introduction: Nutritional deficiency may result in adverse health consequences. Socio-cultural practices, financial condition, awareness of parents and local factors influence the nutritional status. Malnutrition is one of the leading health issues in India. Aim: To assess the nutritional status of school age children and the influence of socioeconomic status on nutrition.
Materials and Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 208 numbers of school children (4-14 years) in Guntur and Vijayawada slum areas during July and August 2018. Semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect anthropometric and general data. Anthropometric measurements such as weight in Kg and height in cm were recorded. Chi-square test, unpaired t-test and Multivariate analysis were used to assess nutritional status at 5% level of significance.
Results: The prevalence of stunted children (low height for age), Wasted children (low BMI for age) were 46.63% and 48.08%, respectively. The percentage of children with underweight (low weight for age), overweight (high BMI for age) were 68.27% and 4.80%, respectively. 53.85% underweight children belonged to lower socioeconomic status. No difference in prevalence was observed among boys and girls for stunting and underweight (p>0.05). The mean heights of normal and stunted children were significantly different (p<0.01). The mean weights of normal and underweight were significantly different (p<0.01). The mean BMIs of normal and wasted children were significantly different (p<0.01).
Conclusion: Both boys and girls had equal prevalence of malnutrition. Prevalence of stunting, underweight and wasting were more than that of national prevalence. Underweight are significantly high in low socio-economic status and nuclear family.
Anthropometry, Family type, Low socioeconomic status, Malnutrition, Multivariate analysis, Stunting, Wasting
Date of Submission: Oct 25, 2019
Date of Peer Review: Nov 26, 2019
Date of Acceptance: Feb 18, 2020
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2020
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: As declared above
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
• Plagiarism X-checker: Oct 26, 2019
• Manual Googling: Jan 16, 2020
• iThenticate Software: Mar 14, 2020 (9%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)