A Cross-sectional Study on Patterns of Social Media Chat Usage and its Association with Psychiatric Morbidity among Nursing StudentsCorrespondence Address :
Institute of Mental Health, Amritsar, Punjab, India.
Introduction: The nursing students are a particularly vulnerable group based on amount of the time they spend on the internet especially with social media. There are numerous social media chatting system available and the most commonly used in our region is whatsapp therefore the present study has been carried out on WhatsApp usage.
Aim: To study the patterns of WhatsApp usage and its association with Psychiatric morbidity among the nursing students.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 500 nursing students who met the inclusion criteria was recruited. Levels of usage of Social Media and associated psychiatric morbidity were assessed for WhatsApp usage which was measured using Bergen’s Facebook Addiction Scale modified for WhatsApp usage. Life-satisfaction was assessed using Satisfaction with Life Scale and Self-Esteem was assessed using Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Negative emotional states like Depression, Anxiety and Stress was assessed using Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASSs). Loneliness was assessed using Differential Loneliness Scale. The results obtained were tabulated and statistically analysed using Pearson’s association Chi Square test and Spearman’s correlation test.
Results: The nursing students belonging to middle socio-economic status, from nuclear families were less lonely, having high satisfaction with life and self esteem, were more addicted to WhatsApp usage. Almost 2/3rd of the students having average academic performance interested in more creative hobbies than physical activity suffered from depression, anxiety and stress due to WhatsApp addiction.
Conclusion: WhatsApp dependence was most commonly seen among nursing students and had highly significant correlation with the associated psychiatric morbidity.
Anxiety, Depression, Loneliness, Satisfaction with life, Self esteem
Date of Submission: Oct 13, 2019
Date of Peer Review: Nov 02, 2019
Date of Acceptance: Dec 21, 2019
Date of Publishing: Apr 01, 2020
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. Yes
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
• Plagiarism X-checker: Oct 14, 2019
• Manual Googling: Dec 17, 2019
• iThenticate Software: Mar 20, 2020 (15%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)