Menstrual Disorders and its Association with MigraineCorrespondence Address :
School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Introduction: Migraine is a common disorder which can be seen in approximately 18% of women. The highest prevalence of this disorder has been reported vastly in the women of age between 18 and 49, when they are in the menstrual period and this is supposed to be associated with the same.
Aim: To study the menstrual disorders in women with and without migraine.
Materials and Methods: A case-control study was conducted with total population of 175 women (Jan 2018-Feb 2019), diagnosed with migraine, using International Headache Society criteria. Age and sex-matched control group was included in the present study. A semi-structured questionnaire about migraine and migraine-related disabilities, menstrual and headache history was conducted. All results were evaluated by SPSS version 22.0 statistical software; Independent t-test and to investigate the relationship between quantitative variables, Spearmanâ€™s correlation coefficient was used.
Results: In case group, 25.6% of women had menstrual cycle <24 days, and their population was significantly more than control group (10.1%). Also, in case group, 12.8% of women had menstrual cycle >38 days, which was significantly more than control group. The proportion of women with period lasting <4 days in case group (17.4%) was significantly more than that in control group (6.7%). In addition, the percentage of women with last period more than 8 days in case group was 12.8% and in control groups it was (6.7%) which was significantly high.
Conclusion: There is significant relation between period duration, oligomenorrhea, polymenorrhea and prevalence of migraine; however, there is no significant relation between other menstrual disorders such as dysmenorrhea and menstrual regularity with migraine. This study demonstrates no relation between severity and duration of headache and menstrual disorders.
Female, Headache, Menstrual migraine
Date of Submission: Aug 25, 2019
Date of Peer Review: Sep 13, 2019
Date of Acceptance: Dec 26, 2019
Date of Publishing: Feb 01, 2020
â€˘ Financial or Other Competing Interests: No
â€˘ Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
â€˘ Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
â€˘ For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
â€˘ Plagiarism X-checker: Aug 26, 2019
â€˘ Manual Googling: Dec 13, 2019
â€˘ iThenticate Software: Jan 16, 2020 (7%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)