Assessment of Association Between Tooth Morphology and PsychologyCorrespondence Address :
Sawangi Meghe, Wardha, Maharashtra, India.
Introduction: Visagism is the science which explores the possible connection between oneâ€™s personality and teeth shape. Clinicians maybe able to design a smile that blends with physical appearance, personality and desire of the patient.
Aim: To evaluate the association between tooth morphology and psychological traits.
Materials and Methods: A total of 102 participants aged between 20 and 35 years among medical professionals were selected for the study conducted from November 2018 to March 2019. The tooth forms, long axis, and occlusion lines were drawn using photograph editing software after capturing the photographs of frontal view of teeth in centric occlusion of the participants. And this was assessed with questionnaire. Temperaments of the participants were identified using a self-reporting questionnaire and classified according to Big Five Personality Traits. The type of temperament obtained from the questionnaire for each participant was compared with tooth form (oval, square, rectangle and triangular) obtained from photographic evaluation. Statistical analysis used were One-way ANOVA followed by post-hoc and Chi-Square test by keeping level of significance ≤0.05.
Results: Females (82.4%) were more than males with a mean age of 23 years. Extraversion had square tooth form (34.1%). Conscientiousness trait had oval tooth form (31.6%). The Chi-square test presented that square tooth form showed extraversion trait (34.1%) and neuroticism (29.7%). However, the results were statistically insignificant (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Although the concept of visagism is an appreciable idea, it lacks a practical approach to create a personalised smile.
Personality traits, Tooth shape, Visagism
Date of Submission: Aug 01, 2019
Date of Peer Review: Aug 23, 2019
Date of Acceptance: Dec 28, 2019
Date of Publishing: Feb 01, 2020
â€¢ Financial or Other Competing Interests: No
â€¢ Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
â€¢ Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
â€¢ For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. Yes
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
â€¢ Plagiarism X-checker: Aug 01, 2019
â€¢ Manual Googling: Nov 19, 2019
â€¢ iThenticate Software: Jan 25, 2020 (3%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)