Comparative Efficacy of Structured Games and Behavioural Parent Training on Working Memory in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Pilot StudyCorrespondence Address :
Dr. Raghumahanti Raghuveer,
Flat No. 504, APJ Abdul Kalam Building, SGT University, Budhera-122505, Gurugram, Haryana, India.
Introduction: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may develop during the preschool years of the child and extend into adulthood. ADHD also leads to impaired Working Memory (WM) creating problems in various functions.
Aim: To compare the effectiveness of behavioural parent training and structured games on WM of children with ADHD.
Materials and Methods: This prospective interventional study was conducted in 18 schools of Ghaziabad city, Uttar Pradesh, India. Seventy subjects were selected based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM-IV) criteria. Group A (n=35) received structured games and Group B (n=35) received Behavioural Parent Training (BPT). Seguin Form Board Test Time (SFBTT) was recorded as outcome on baseline and 5th week. Student’s paired and unpaired t-test was done. SPSS 22.0 version was the software used and p<0.05 was considered as level of significance.
Results: Analysed data showed significant results within structured games group with t=2.355, p<0.05, and no significant result within BPT group with t=-0.776, p>0.05. Between group comparison showed significant difference with t=-2.804, p<0.05.
Conclusion: Training of WM in form of structured games can be an effective method when compared to BPT in children with ADHD.
Parent child interaction, Phonological loop, Visuospatial sketchpad
Date of Submission: Jan 04, 2020
Date of Peer Review: Feb 04, 2020
Date of Acceptance: May 10, 2020
Date of Publishing: Jul 01, 2020
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. Yes
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
• Plagiarism X-checker: Jan 11, 2020
• Manual Googling: Mar 26, 2020
• iThenticate Software: Jun 03, 2020 (15%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
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- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)