Prevalence and Treatment Need of Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation in 8-12-Year-Old School Going Children of Cuttack, OdishaCorrespondence Address :
Dr. Utkal K Mohanty,
Assistant Professor, Department of Community Dentistry, SCB Dental College, Cuttack, Odisha, India.
Introduction: Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) is a condition where one or more first permanent molars with or without permanent incisors are hypomineralised due to disturbances during the maturation phase.
Aim: To determine the prevalence, severity and treatment need of MIH among 8-12-year-old school-going children in Cuttack, Odisha.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional epidemiological survey was conducted, including 1525 students, using diagnostic criteria established by the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry (EAPD) 2003. Two calibrated examiners examined the children using artificial light. A descriptive analysis of the prevalence and distribution of the clinical recordings was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences, version 17.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA).
Results: A total of 87 children (5.7%) were found to have MIH. Boys showed higher prevalence (57.4%) compared to girls (42.4%). Mandibular molars and maxillary incisors were found to be affected more frequently compared to other teeth.
Conclusion: MIH is more prevalent in boys than girls and mandibular molars are affected more frequently than maxillary molars. Hypomineralised molars are more susceptible towards developing dental caries than molars which are not affected by the condition. Molars affected by this condition need wide spectrum of treatment ranging from preventive care, pit and fissure sealant application, restoration, pulp therapy and extraction. Early intervention of these teeth can reduce the complications and expenses incurred towards dental treatment.
Dental caries, Dental enamel hypoplasia, Incisors
Date of Submission: Apr 16, 2019
Date of Peer Review: May 18, 2019
Date of Acceptance: Feb 11, 2020
Date of Publishing: Mar 01, 2020
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA
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• Plagiarism X-checker: Apr 17, 2019
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