Factors Associated with Health Literacy for Public Health StudentsCorrespondence Address :
Faculty of Public Health, Mahasarakham University,
Kamreiang, Kuntarawichai, Thailand.
Introduction: Health literacy is a necessary skill for a future workforce who will be a healthcare model for patients and even people around them. This will enhance knowledge of people to engage in the prevention of diseases and health risk factors, especially supporting people to modify their health behaviour.
Aim: To investigate the factors associated with Health Literacy for Public Health Students.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive research involved 143 students from Sirindhorn College of Public Health, Praboromarajchanok Institute, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand. The data was collected from August to November, 2019 using a questionnaire, which was tested for content validity by 3 experts and its reliability was assessed using Cronbach’s alpha. The critical thinking and health literacy yielded a score of 0.75 and 0.96, respectively. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics and multiple logistics regression at 0.05 level of significance, the adjusted odds ratio, 95% confidence Interval and p-value.
Results: It was found that 109 (76.22%) of the respondents were female, the average age was 23.39±4.15 years, and 57 (39.86%) had a Grade Point Average (GPA) 3.00 from 4.00. The critical thinking and health literacy was classified as high level at 18 (12.59%) and 78 (54.55%), respectively. The factors significantly associated with reported high health literacy (p-value <0.05) were: (1) Gender (Adjusted OR=3.11, 95% CI: 1.28-7.58; p-value=0.012); (2) GPA (Adjusted OR=2.41, 95% CI: 1.15-5.04; p-value=0.019); and (3) Critical thinking (Adjusted OR=2.99, 95 % CI: 1.36-6.54; p-value=0.006).
Conclusion: The factors associated with high health literacy were: gender, GPA and student’s critical thinking. Therefore, the stakeholders or policy makers should be concerned with ensuring students improve their learning and encourage them to gain a higher level of health literacy for a sustainable healthcare professional career.
College student, Critical thinking, Future workforce, Health education, Healthcare professional
Date of Submission: Jan 09, 2020
Date of Peer Review: Feb 15, 2020
Date of Acceptance: Mar 27, 2020
Date of Publishing: May 01, 2020
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
• Plagiarism X-checker: Jan 11, 2020
• Manual Googling: Mar 27, 2020
• iThenticate Software: Apr 18, 2020 (7%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)