Estimation of Glycated Haemoglobin by Nephelometry, Ion Exchange Resin and High Performance Liquid Chromatography: A Cross-sectional StudyCorrespondence Address :
Dr. Bhuvanesh Sukhlal Kalal,
Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology, A. J. Research Centre, A. J. Institute
of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Mangaluru-575004, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus cases are continually rising all over the world. Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) used as a diagnostic test to measure long-term average glycaemic control in diabetic patients.
Aim: To assess the precision and reproducibility of the Ion Exchange Column Chromatography Resin (IECR) method and nephelometry in comparison to High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) with respect to the estimation of HbA1c.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted on 50 blood samples, collected from the diabetic subjects at the Department of Biochemistry and their HbA1c values were estimated by HPLC based BioRad D-10, nephelometry and IECR techniques. HPLC was used as a gold standard method, to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of nephelometry and IECR techniques. Data were expressed as mean±standard deviation and intraclass Correlation Coefficient and Pearson correlation were calculated.
Results: The mean age of the study subjects was 53.06±7.67 years. The mean plasma HbA1c levels were 8.16±2.9, 7.62±2.5 and 7.84±2.5 and mean estimated Average Glucose (eAG) was 187.00±84.4, 172.0±76.8, and 289.46±199.9 by HPLC, Nephelometry and IECR, respectively. Compared with HPLC, nephelometry had excellent correlation (r-value 0.925); p<0.001) and IECR (r-value 0.869; p<0.001).
Conclusion: Nephelometry and IECR both had better performance and showed a greater concordance with gold standard HPLC. Therefore, nephelometry and IECR can be used as an alternative assay for HbA1c estimation.
Diabetes mellitus, Enzymatic assay, India, Test performance
Date of Submission: Mar 21, 2020
Date of Peer Review: Apr 28, 2020
Date of Acceptance: Jun 05, 2020
Date of Publishing: Sep 01, 2020
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA
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ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
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