Effectiveness of Health Promotional Strategies on Quality of Life among Spouse of Alcoholics in Selected Communities of Dakshina Kannada District, IndiaCorrespondence Address :
Dr. Neetha Kamath,
Associate Professor and Head, Department of Community Health Nursing,
Nitte Usha Institute of Nursing Sciences, NITTE Deemed to be University,
Mangaluru-575018, Karnataka, India.
Introduction: Alcoholism is a major problem in developing countries like India. Alcoholism affects not only the individual but also his family and the society. Spouses of alcoholics are among those who suffer the maximum consequences of alcoholism and its effects.
Aim: To find the effect of health promotional strategies (Yoga and Health education) on Quality of Life (QOL) of the spouse of alcoholics.
Materials and Methods: Quasi experimental pretest posttest control design was adopted. A total of 330 men were administered the AUDIT tool to screen for alcoholics through house to house survey, of which 279 men who scored in the range of 8-15 AUDIT score were considered as alcoholics. Their spouses were selected as study participants (who met the sampling criteria) and subjects were randomly allocated to intervention group (132) and control group (147) through simple randomised sampling. The data was gathered by using WHOQOLBREF tool to assess the QOL; initially pretest QOL was assessed, followed by individual health education (45 minutes) and yoga (15 minutes) once a week for 3 consecutive weeks and post-test was done during fourth week for intervention (127) and control groups (142). There were five dropouts in post-test from each group due to health problems, migration and no cooperation from the family for the intervention. Independent t-test was performed by using SPSS version 18.0 to determine effectiveness of health promotion strategies on QOL scores between the intervention and control group and chi-square test was used to find the association between post-intervention QOL scores and selected demographic variable at p<0.05 level of significance.
Results: QOL scores in all four domains in the intervention group showed that there was an increase before and after the interventions. On comparing the mean differences between QOL scores post-test in intervention and control group, calculated t-value was (34.04) and the difference was highly statistically significant at p<0.001** showing that health promotional strategies were effective in improving QOL among spouse of alcoholics. There was a significant association between post test intervention QOL scores of subjects and selected variables such as primary decision maker (p=0.002*) of the family and history of domestic violence (p=0.030*).
Conclusion: The study findings suggest that adopting health promotional strategies such as yoga can help the spouses of alcoholics to improve their QOL.
Alcohol, Perceived quality of life, Quasi experiment, Wives of alcoholics, Yoga
Date of Submission: Apr 14, 2020
Date of Peer Review: May 27, 2020
Date of Acceptance: Jul 09, 2020
Date of Publishing: Sep 01, 2020
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
• Plagiarism X-checker: Apr 15, 2020
• Manual Googling: Jul 08, 2020
• iThenticate Software: Aug 27, 2020 (12%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)