Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Health Science Students/Researcher on Status of Usage of Animals, 3R’s Strategy and their Alternatives for Pharmacological Studies: An Exploratory StudyCorrespondence Address :
Dr. Malika Arora,
Research Scientist, Department of Multidisciplinary Research Unit, Guru Gobind
Singh Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot, Punjab, India.
Introduction: The number of students in health science education is increasing day by day due to mushrooming of the private institutes. Hence, there is an increase in number of animals that have been used for animal experimentation irrespective of any known significance.
Aim: To assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of health science students/researchers on status of usage of animals, 3R’s strategy (Reduction, Refinement, Replacement) and their alternatives for pharmacological studies.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional paper-based survey that was conducted between June 2019 to September 2019 using a semi-structured questionnaire to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of the students. The study was conducted at the Guru Gobind Singh Medical College and Hospital, Faridkot and ISF College of Pharmacy, Moga, Punjab, India. The questionnaire consisted of three domains: Socio-demographic and professional characteristics, Knowledge (10 questions), attitude and practice of participants (9 questions). Out of 440 questionnaires distributed to the participants, 310 filled the survey (response rate was 70.5%) and were included in the study. The study participants comprised of MBBS interns, Junior residents/MD students, B pharmacy students, M pharmacy students and the PhD scholars.
Results: Majority of the students belonged to the age group of 19-23 years. It was observed that 79.6% (n=247) students didn’t know about the 3Rs (i.e., Reduction, Refinement, Replacement) Strategy. A 39.6% (n=123) respondents knew about the various alternatives to animal experimentation. Majority of the students 90.9% (n=282) believed that animal experiments are useful for medical research and human benefit.
Conclusion: There was an almost complete lack of knowledge among participants regarding alternative animal models and 3R’s strategy. Therefore, there is a need to incorporate education intervention about alternative animal use in their curriculum.
Animals, Reduction, Refinement, Replacement
Date of Submission: Apr 21, 2020
Date of Peer Review: Jun 09, 2020
Date of Acceptance: Aug 16, 2020
Date of Publishing: Oct 01, 2020
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? No
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. No
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
• Plagiarism X-checker: Apr 22, 2020
• Manual Googling: Jul 03, 2020
• iThenticate Software: Sep 22, 2020 (3%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)