Comparative Study of Stress among Depressed and Non-depressed Medical StudentsCorrespondence Address :
Achyut Kumar Pandey,
Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu
University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Introduction: Stress and depression are common among medical students. There are number of studies on this topic, but only few have assessed stress in clinically non-depressed medical students.
Aim: To study the prevalence, severity and profile of stress and depression in undergraduate medical students and to compare the same between depressed and non-depressed students.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was done, on 150 undergraduate medical students of a medical college in Northern India from February, 2018 to January, 2019. Students Stress Dimension Questionnaire (SSDQ) was used to assess the stress severity and to categorise various domains affected. Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) was used to measure the depressive symptoms. Chi-square, independent-t test and one-way ANOVA were used to make the group comparisons.
Results: Mean age of the participants was 20.767 (SD=1.888). A total of 68.67% of the participants were males. Stress and depressive symptoms were present in 66.67% and 52% of the participants, respectively. Of the participants having no depressive symptoms, 50% had stress. On group comparisons, depressed group had significantly lower mean age, higher rates of past history of psychiatric illness, higher prevalence and severity of stress, than non-depressed group. Prevalence of stress and depressive symptoms decreased with increasing seniority.
Conclusion: Medical students have high prevalence of stress and depression. In majority of medical students having depression, stress is present. There are still a significant proportion of students having no depression, but having high levels of stress. So, policy makers should take note of this while planning interventions to address the mental health of medical students.
Professionals, Stress domains, Student stress dimension questionnaire, Stress management
Date of Submission: Jul 09, 2020
Date of Peer Review: Jul 28, 2020
Date of Acceptance: Sep 15, 2020
Date of Publishing: Oct 01, 2020
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA
PLAGIARISM CHECKING METHODS:
• Plagiarism X-checker: Jul 10, 2020
• Manual Googling: Aug 12, 2020
• iThenticate Software: Sep 28, 2020 (8%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
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- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)