Study of Pattern of Histopathological Lesions in Nephrectomy Cases in Southern RajasthanCorrespondence Address :
Geeta W Mukhiya,
19, Ashirwad Nagar, Shobhagpura, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Introduction: The kidney is one of the most highly differentiated organs in the body, affected by various disease processes, some resulting in permanent damage leading to surgical removal of the organ i.e., nephrectomy. Patterns of the indications for nephrectomy vary in different age groups, geographical locations and time periods. Nephrectomy is a common procedure in urological practice done for various conditions like calculi, chronic pylelonephritis, malignancy, obstruction, injury etc., with wide range of morbidity and mortality.
Aim: The aim of this study was to study the pattern of histopathological lesions in nephrectomy cases in Southern Rajasthan.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted in the Department of Pathology, Geetanjali Medical College and Hospital (GMCH), Udaipur, Rajasthan. It was a cross-sectional study performed on 121 patients, from January 2015 to March 2020 in which patient’s detail such as age, sex, gross and microscopic findings were retrieved and reviewed. Data was tabulated and analysed.
Results: A total of 121 specimens of nephrectomy were included in the study. Among 121 nephrectomy cases, higher incidence was observed in 6th and 3rd decade of life with approximately equal preponderance of male and female; 0.98:1. Out of 121 cases 88 (72.7%) were non-neoplastic and 33 (22.27%) were neoplastic.
Conclusion: Benign conditions of kidney are the leading cause of End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) in the developing world. In our country, there are an increased number of ESRD which require dialysis and transplantation. This study has been performed to know the different causes of nephrectomy in a tertiary care center of India.
Calculi, Chronic pyelonephritis, Hydronephrosis
Date of Submission: Sep 02, 2020
Date of Peer Review: Sep 24, 2020
Date of Acceptance: Oct 21, 2020
Date of Publishing: Dec 15, 2020
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? NA
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? NA
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. Yes
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• Plagiarism X-checker: Sep 04, 2020
• Manual Googling: Oct 21, 2020
• iThenticate Software: Dec 11, 2020 (14%)
ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)