Correlation of Anaemia and Restless Legs Syndrome in Elderly: A Cross-sectional StudyCorrespondence Address :
Professor, Department of Medicine, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta
Meghe Institute of Medical Science (Deemed to be University), Wardha,
Introduction: Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) also known as Willis Ekbom Disease (WED) which manifests as a neurologic disorder among patients with anaemia, particularly with iron deficiency anaemia.
Aim: To find the association of anaemia with RLS in the elderly population.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 100 patients of age ≥60 years were enrolled and categorised into mild, moderate, and severe anaemia as per World Health Organisation (WHO) criteria. Every participant was enquired about RLS via a questionnaire based on the International RLS Study Group Rating Scale (IRLSSGRS) for its Severity and for the diagnosis (Essential clinical criteria for the diagnosis of RLS).
Results: The study showed that patients with anaemia had a statistically significant correlation with RLS (p=0.04) and severity of RLS (p=0.032). Serum ferritin levels too showed a statistically significant correlation with RLS (p=0.032).
Conclusion: Patients with severe anaemia and lower serum ferritin levels were more prone to RLS and had more RLS severity.
Ferritin, Geriatric, Iron deficiency, Severity, Willis ekbom disease
Date of Submission: Jul 01, 2020
Date of Peer Review: Aug 17, 2020
Date of Acceptance: Oct 06, 2020
Date of Publishing: Dec 15, 2020
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA
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• Plagiarism X-checker: Jul 01, 2020
• Manual Googling: Sep 29, 2020
• iThenticate Software: Dec 13, 2020 (11%)
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