Assessment of Perception of Family Planning among Mothers in an Urban Slum Area in Kolkata, IndiaCorrespondence Address :
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Diamond Harbour
Government Medical College and Hospital, Harindanga,
Diamond Harbour-743331, West Bengal, India.
Introduction: Women in India are not fully educated on contraception usage. In 2017, a central family planning initiative called Mission Pariwar Vikas was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW).
Aim: This study was conducted among mothers in an urban slum in Kolkata to establish their unmet family planning needs, as well as different factors associated with it. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted from February 2019 to May 2019 among mothers residing at an urban field practice area (Dhapa UHTC, Kolkata). All mothers of under-five children present in the slum were included in the study (n=246). Pre-designed, pre-tested, semi-structured schedule with both open and closed-ended questions were used.
Results: The majority of the mothers were Muslim, of whom 37.8% were below 18 years of age. Among the mothers, 46.3% were adolescent mothers (<18 years). Around 78% mothers desired two children. Around 70.7% mothers were using some form of contraceptives at the time of the study. Out of 246 subjects, unmet family planning needs were found in 72 (29.3%) subjects. Significant association was found between unmet family planning needs and age, education level, socioeconomic status, knowledge of the ideal age of marriage, and the number of children desired.
Conclusion: The study revealed the unmet needs for contraception in an urban slum. However, the practice assessed by the study was actually reported practice and therefore, recall bias might be present. Further studies are recommended in other areas and different settings in order to extrapolate the study findings.
Contraception, Socio-economic status, Unmet need
Date of Submission: Nov 19, 2020
Date of Peer Review: Dec 02, 2020
Date of Acceptance: Dec 05, 2020
Date of Publishing: Jan 01, 2021
• Financial or Other Competing Interests: None
• Was Ethics Committee Approval obtained for this study? Yes
• Was informed consent obtained from the subjects involved in the study? Yes
• For any images presented appropriate consent has been obtained from the subjects. NA
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ETYMOLOGY: Author Origin
- Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science, thomsonreuters)
- Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 134.54
- Academic Search Complete Database
- Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
- Google Scholar
- HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
- Indian Science Abstracts (ISA)
- Journal seek Database
- Popline (reproductive health literature)